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Today in History

Name: Raymond James Brownell
Military Cross (MC)
Military Medal (MM)
Raymond Brownell
Country: Australia
Rank: Captain
Service: Royal Flying Corps
Royal Air Force
Unit: 45
Victories: 12
Born: 17 May 1894
Place of Birth: New Town, Tasmania
Died: 12 April 1974
Place of Death:  
One of 200 Australians recruited by the Royal Flying Corps 1916, Brownell served as a gunner with the 9th Battery, 3rd Field Artillery Brigade at Gallipoli. After he transferred to the Royal Flying Corps, he was posted to 45 Squadron and shot down five enemy aircraft over France before his squadron was sent to Italy in November 1917. On 31 December 1917, Brownell assisted Henry Moody in shooting down German ace Alwin Thurm near Asolo. When the war ended, Brownell joined the Royal Australian Air Force and attained the rank of Air Commodore before he retired.
Military Cross (MC)
2nd Lt. Raymond James Brownell, M.M., R.F.C., Spec. Res.
   For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty. Within the last three months he has brought down six enemy aeroplanes, four of which were seen to come down in flames, the other two falling completely out of control. The dash, gallantry and offensive spirit displayed on all occasions by this officer are worthy of the highest praise.
#7 Germany Alwin Thurm
Date Time Unit Aircraft Opponent Location
1 10 Sep 1917 1720 45 Sopwith Camel (B2323) DFW C Houthoulst Wood
2 20 Sep 1917 1825 45 Sopwith Camel C 1 Paschendaele
3 01 Oct 1917 1220 45 Sopwith Camel (B2323) Albatros D.V Quesnoy
4 20 Oct 1917 1240 45 Sopwith Camel Albatros D.V Kastelhoek
5 27 Oct 1917 1015 45 Sopwith Camel Albatros D.V 2 NE of Comines
6 31 Dec 1917 0945 45 Sopwith Camel (B2430) Albatros D.III Piave de Soligo
7 31 Dec 1917 1030 45 Sopwith Camel (B2430) Albatros D.V 3 Paderno
8 10 Jan 1918 1615 45 Sopwith Camel (B2430) Albatros D.III Portobuffolo
9 11 Jan 1918 1535 45 Sopwith Camel (B2430) Albatros D.III St. Stino
10 30 Jan 1918 1045 45 Sopwith Camel (B6283) DFW C Saletto
11 17 Apr 1918 0915 45 Sopwith Camel (B3872) Albatros D.III Oderzo
12 18 Apr 1918 45 Sopwith Camel (B3872) Balloon Piave River

1 Shared with Henry Moody and Emerson Smith
2 Shared with James Child and Matthew Frew
3 Shared with Henry Moody
From Khaki to Blue
The autobiography of Air Commodore Raymond J. Brownell; Raymond Brownell / Military Historical Society of Australia 1987
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