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Name: Andrew King Cowper
Military Cross (MC) and 2 Bars Andrew Cowper [Australia]
Country: Australia
Rank: Captain
Service: Royal Flying Corps
Royal Air Force
Units: 3 Reserve, 24, 64, 79
Victories: 19
Born: 16 November 1898
Place of Birth: Bingara, New South Wales
Died: 25 June 1980
Place of Death: Sydney, New South Wales
 
 
A descendant of William Cowper, the 18th century poet, Andrew King Cowper attended Eastbourne College in England from 1913 to 1916. He enlisted in the Royal Sussex Regiment before transferring to the Royal Flying Corps. He was posted to 24 Squadron on 26 August 1917. Flying the D.H.5, he scored his first two victories by the end of the year. Flying the S.E.5a during February and March of 1918, he scored an additional 17 victories before returning to the Home Establishment on 11 April 1918. In 1919, Cowper served with 79 Squadron during the occupation of Germany.
P03708.001, Australian War Memorial
 
Military Cross (MC)
T./2nd Lt. Andrew King Cowper, Gen. List sand R.F.C.
   For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty. Whilst leading a patrol of six machines he observed four hostile triplanes, one of which he attacked, succeeding in causing it to break up in the air. The remaining three enemy machines were destroyed by the rest of the patrol. On the return journey he encountered an enemy scout, and shepherding it by the most skilful piloting west of the lines, forced it to land undamaged on one of our aerodromes. On a later occasion, during three separate combats, he and his patrol brought down one machine completely out of control, and two others with their observers wounded, and later in the same day three other machines completely out of control. Previously to this he has assisted in destroying six other enemy scouts, displaying at all times the greatest courage and determination.
 
Military Cross (MC) First Bar
T./2nd Lt. (T./Capt.) Andrew King Cowper, M.C., Gen. List, and R.F.C.
   For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty. Within a short period he has himself destroyed three enemy planes and has driven down four others completely out of control. During the recent operations he has further destroyed two hostile machines and has attacked in the most daring manner and with the greatest effect enemy troops and transport. On all occasions his gallantry and skill have been of the highest order.
 
Military Cross (MC) Second Bar
T./2nd Lt. (T./Capt.) Andrew King Cowper, M.C., Gen. List, and R.F.C.
   For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty. He bombed enemy troops who were entrenching, and caused great havoc and confusion. He made repeated and determined attacks, in spite of heavy hostile fire, and eventually forced the enemy to retire from their trench. He returned to his aerodrome for more bombs and ammunition, and, going out a second time, attacked enemy troops and transport and threw them into confusion. He went out on two other occasions on the same day with equal success. Later, while co-operating with an infantry attack, he obtained four direct hits with bombs on an encampment, and forced several parties of the enemy to retire from their front line. He showed magnificent dash and determination.
 
Victories
Date Time Unit Aircraft Opponent Location
1 28 Oct 1917 1230 24 D.H.5 (A9232) Albatros D.III (DES) 1 Ramscapelle
2 09 Nov 1917 0845 24 D.H.5 (A9232) Albatros D.III (OOC) Beerst
3 18 Feb 1918 0830 24 S.E.5a (B664) DFW C (OOC) 2 La Fère
4 18 Feb 1918 1430 24 S.E.5a (B664) Pfalz D.III (OOC) E of St. Quentin
5 19 Feb 1918 0840 24 S.E.5a (B664) Rumpler C (DESF) 3 Servais
6 19 Feb 1918 0850 24 S.E.5a (B664) DFW C (DES) 3 Bernot
7 26 Feb 1918 0840 24 S.E.5a (B664) Fokker DR.I (DES) E of Laon
8 26 Feb 1918 0900 24 S.E.5a (B664) Pfalz D.III (CAP) La Fère
9 06 Mar 1918 1015 24 S.E.5a (B664) Albatros D.V (OOC) 4 St. Quentin
10 08 Mar 1918 0800 24 S.E.5a (B664) Rumpler C (DES) Bellenglise
11 13 Mar 1918 1235 24 S.E.5a (C5428) Albatros D.V (OOC) Mézières
12 15 Mar 1918 1020 24 S.E.5a (C5428) Rumpler C (DES) 5 N of Premonte
13 17 Mar 1918 1820 24 S.E.5a (B8407) Pfalz D.III (DES) SW of Ramicourt
14 18 Mar 1918 1145 24 S.E.5a (B8407) Pfalz D.III (OOC) Itancourt
15 21 Mar 1918 1415 24 S.E.5a (B8407) Albatros D.V (OOC) Bellicourt
16 21 Mar 1918 1700 24 S.E.5a (B8407) Albatros D.V (DESF) S of Havrincourt
17 23 Mar 1918 1145 24 S.E.5a (B8407) C (DES) 6 E of Matigny
18 23 Mar 1918 1815 24 S.E.5a (B8407) Rumpler C (DES) 7 Nesle
19 29 Mar 1918 1500 24 S.E.5a (B8411) Albatros C (DES) Warfusée

1 Shared with 2Lt W B Ives (A9471)
2 Shared with Horace Barton, Ronald Mark
3 Shared with Lt Peter MacDougall, Ronald Mark, Lt Rueben Hammarsley
4 Shared with Alfred Brown
5 Shared with Ronald Mark, Herbert Richardson
6 Shared with William Wells & Walter Beales
7 Shared with Lt P J Nolan (B8411), Conway Farrell
 
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