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Today in History

Name: Roy Maxwell "Peter" Drummond
Distinguished Service Order (DSO) and Bar
Military Cross (MC)
Country: Australia
Rank: Major
Service: Royal Flying Corps
Royal Air Force
Units: 67, 111
Victories: 8
Born: 02 June 1894
Place of Birth: Perth, Western Australia
Died: 27 March 1945 Killed In Flying Accident
Place of Death:  
Roy Maxwell Drummond enlisted in the Australian Imperial Force in 1914 and served as a medical orderly on a hospital ship at Gallipoli. He joined the Royal Flying Corps in 1916. Posted to 111 Squadron, after serving with 67 Squadron, he scored 8 victories in the Middle East flying the Bristol Fighter and Nieuport scout. He became an air marshal and was knighted during World War II. Drummond was killed in a flying accident in 1945.
Military Cross (MC)
T./2nd Lt. Roy Maxwell Drummond, R.F.C., attd. Aust/F.C.
   For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty. With another officer he attacked and disorganised six enemy machines that were about to attack our cavalry with bombs. The engagement was continued until all six machines were forced to return to their lines. His skill and courage on all occasions has been worthy of the greatest praise.
Distinguished Service Order (DSO)
Capt. Roy Maxwell Drummond, M.C., R.F.C.
   For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty. While escorting a reconnaissance, on three hostile planes being encountered he at once attacked and drove down one of these, although he was being himself attacked in the rear by the remaining two. Drawing these latter away from the reconnaissance machine, he turned, attacked and followed one of these down to a lower altitude, despite heavy anti-aircraft fire. This machine was then seen to strike the ground and turn over. He then attacked the third machine, and, after a long burst of fire at close range, both wings of the enemy plane were observed to collapse in the air. The whole action was characterised by the great skill and daring of this officer.
Distinguished Service Order (DSO) Bar
T./Capt. Roy Maxwell Drummond, D.S.O., M.C., R.F.C.
   For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty. He attacked single-handed a formation of six enemy scouts, and brought down one, which was wrecked on striking the ground. He was then attacked by the remainder, and succeeded in bringing down one out of control before he himself, owing to engine trouble, was forced to land. He got the engine going again, and though stopped by engine trouble on four occasions, he managed to get back to his own lines, thus evading his pursuers. His performance was a gallant and successful one.
   (D.S.O. gazetted 26th March, 1918.)
Date Time Unit Aircraft Opponent Location
1 12 Dec 1917 1030 111 Bristol F.2b (A7202) 1 Albatros D.V (OOC) 2 Tul Keram
2 12 Dec 1917 1035 111 Bristol F.2b (A7202) 1 Albatros D.V (DES) NW of Tul Keram
3 12 Dec 1917 1045 111 Bristol F.2b (A7202) 1 Albatros D.V (DES) Wadi Auja
4 14 Dec 1917 0945 111 Bristol F.2b (A7202) 1 Albatros D.V (DES) N of Beisan
5 19 Mar 1918 1545 111 Nieuport (B3597) C (DES) Kefra-Saba
6 27 Mar 1918 111 Nieuport (B3597) Albatros D.V (DES)  
7 27 Mar 1918 0830 111 Nieuport (B3597) Albatros D.V (DES) NE of Purdisia
8 27 Mar 1918 0845 111 Nieuport (B3597) Albatros D.V (OOC) Teiyibeh

1 Observer AM2 Frederick John Knowles
2 Shared with 2Lt H E Walker (B3595)
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