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Name: Edgar James Kingston McCloughry
Distinguished Service Order (DSO)
Distinguished Flying Cross (DFC) and Bar
Edgar McCloughry
Country: Australia
Rank: Captain
Service: Australian Flying Corps
Royal Flying Corps
Units: 23 (RFC)
4 (AFC)
Victories: 21
Born: 10 September 1896
Place of Birth: Adelaide, South Australia
Died: 15 November 1972
Place of Death:  
Edgar James Kingston McCloughry was wounded in action on 31 July 1918.

Listed as Edgar James McClaughry in the London Gazette.
Distinguished Flying Cross (DFC)
Lieut. (T./Capt.) Edgar James McClaughry (Australian Flying Corps).
   Early one morning this officer left the ground, and, meeting an enemy two-seater ten miles over the lines, he engaged and destroyed it. He was immediately attacked by five scouts; these he out-manoeuvred, destroying one and driving the remainder down. He is a determined and successful scout leader, who in recent operations has accounted for nine enemy machines, in addition to three others and one balloon when serving with another squadron.
Distinguished Flying Cross (DFC) Bar
Lt. (T./Capt.) Edgar James McClaughry, D.F.C. (Australian Flying Corps).
   In the short space of one month this officer has destroyed ten enemy aeroplanes and balloons. He has organised and carried out numerous raids on the enemy, frequently at very low altitudes. Altogether he has destroyed fifteen aeroplanes and four balloons. Early one morning he crossed our lines to attack a balloon which he had previously located. As soon as daylight allowed he dived and opened fire on the balloon, which was on the ground, descending to within fifty feet of it. The balloon burst into flames. He then attacked some horse transport, dropping bombs and firing, some 300 rounds at 1,500 feet altitude.
   (The award of D.F.C. is also contained in this Gazette.)
Distinguished Service Order (DSO)
Capt. Edgar James McClaughry, D.F.C. (Australian F.C.). (FRANCE)
   A bold and fearless officer, who has performed many gallant deeds of daring, notably on 24th September, when, attacking a train at 250 feet altitude, he obtained a direct hit, cutting it in two, the rear portion being derailed. He then fired a number of rounds at the fore portion, which pulled up. Sighting a hostile two-seater he engaged it and drove it down. Proceeding home he observed seven Fokker biplanes; although he had expended the greater part of his ammunition, Captain McClaughry never hesitated, but engaged the leader. During the combat that ensued he was severely wounded by fire from a scout that attacked him from behind; turning, he drove this machine off badly damaged. His ammunition being now expended he endeavoured to drive off two hostile scouts by firing Very lights at them. Exhausted by his exertions, he temporarily lost consciousness, but recovered sufficiently to land his machine safely. This officer has destroyed fourteen machines and four balloons, and has repeatedly displayed an utter disregard for danger in attacking ground targets.
Date Time Unit Aircraft Opponent Location
1 12 Jun 1918 1150 4 (AFC) Sopwith Camel (D1961) Balloon (DES) NE of Estaires
2 12 Jun 1918 1200 4 (AFC) Sopwith Camel (D1961) Pfalz D.III (DES) N of Estaires
3 18 Jun 1918 1040 4 (AFC) Sopwith Camel (D1961) Fokker DR.I (DES) Neuve-Chapelle Laventie
4 27 Jun 1918 1620 4 (AFC) Sopwith Camel (D1961) LVG C (DES) W of Sailly sur la Lys
5 28 Jun 1918 1612 4 (AFC) Sopwith Camel (D1961) Fokker D.VII (OOC) Merville
6 01 Jul 1918 1645 4 (AFC) Sopwith Camel (D1961) Pfalz D.III (DES) S of Neuve Chapelle
7 01 Jul 1918 1645 4 (AFC) Sopwith Camel (D1961) Pfalz D.III (DES) S of Estaires
8 11 Jul 1918 0415 4 (AFC) Sopwith Camel (D1961) Rumpler C (DES) SE of Estaires
9 11 Jul 1918 0420 4 (AFC) Sopwith Camel (D1961) Pfalz D.III (DES) N of Estaires
10 13 Jul 1918 2115 4 (AFC) Sopwith Camel (D1961) Albatros C (DES) W of Merville
11 16 Jul 1918 0409 4 (AFC) Sopwith Camel (D1961) Balloon (DES) Bac St. Maur
12 19 Jul 1918 0405 4 (AFC) Sopwith Camel (D1961) Pfalz D.III (DESF) Erquinghem
13 22 Jul 1918 0540 4 (AFC) Sopwith Camel (D1961) Fokker D.VII (DES) E of Sailly
14 24 Jul 1918 2055 4 (AFC) Sopwith Camel (D1961) Rumpler C (DES) Pont Ricquen
15 28 Jul 1918 0420 4 (AFC) Sopwith Camel (D1961) Balloon (DES) SE of La Gorque
16 31 Jul 1918 0920 4 (AFC) Sopwith Camel (D1961) LVG C (DES) Wavrin
17 31 Jul 1918 2035 4 (AFC) Sopwith Camel (D1961) Fokker D.VII (DES) E of Estaires
18 04 Sep 1918 0555 4 (AFC) Sopwith Camel (E7160) Balloon (DES) Erquinghem
19 06 Sep 1918 1845 4 (AFC) Sopwith Camel (E7160) LVG C (OOC) N of Don
20 24 Sep 1918 0625 4 (AFC) Sopwith Camel (E7160) DFW C (DES) E of Lille
21 24 Sep 1918 0635 4 (AFC) Sopwith Camel (E7160) Fokker D.VII (DES) Lille
Direction of War
A Critique of the Political Direction and High Command in War; E.J. Kingston McCloughry / Hardcover / New York: Frederick A. Praeger, 1958
Defense Policy and Strategy
E.J. Kingston McCloughry / Hardcover / New York: Frederick A. Praeger, 1960
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