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Today in History

Name: Roy Cecil Phillipps
Military Cross (MC) and Bar
Distinguished Flying Cross (DFC)
Roy Phillipps
Country: Australia
Rank: Major
Service: Australian Flying Corps
Units: 32, 68 (RFC)
2 (AFC)
Victories: 15
Born: 01 March 1892
Place of Birth: Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Died: 21 May 1941 Killed In Flying Accident
Place of Death: Archerfield, Queensland, Australia
Memorial: Queensland Cremation Memorial, Brisbane, Queensland
The son of William Hargreave and Cecil Raymond Phillips, Roy Cecil Phillips was an accountant from Perth when he enlisted. He served with the 28th Battalion but was wounded and, upon recovering, transferred to the Australian Flying Corps. He scored fifteen victories during World War I and served with the Royal Australian Air Force during World War II. Squadron Leader Phillips died in 1941 at the age of 45.
Military Cross (MC)
"Capt. Roy Cecil Phillipps, F.C.
   For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty. He has performed continuous gallant work at very low altitudes in almost impossible weather. Whilst flying alone in a mist he forced an enemy aeroplane to land. On two occasions, flying at an altitude of 200 feet, he made very valuable reconnaissances, and his reports on the general situation were of the greatest value. His leadership is excellent, and he has set a high example to his flight."
Military Cross (MC) Bar
"Capt. Roy Cecil Phillipps, M.C., Aust. F.C. attd. R.F.C.
   For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty. When engaged with hostile aircraft during the recent operations, he has destroyed three enemy machines, and has in addition brought down two hostile planes out of control. He has also brought back accurate and valuable information regarding hostile movements under the most adverse conditions, particularly on one occasion, when he flew through a heavy barrage at a low altitude behind the enemy's lines. He has shown conspicuous skill and determination when escorting low-flying bombing patrols.
   (M.C. gazetted 4th February, 1918.)"
Distinguished Flying Cross (DFC)
"Capt. Roy Cecil Phillipps, M.C. (Australian Flying Corps).
   Whilst on offensive patrol this officer destroyed personally four enemy aeroplanes; he has also shown the greatest gallantry during the recent operations in attacking troops and transports on the roads, and dropping bombs from very low altitudes."
Date Time Unit Aircraft Opponent Location
1 22 Nov 1917 2 (AFC) D.H.5 (A9288) DFW C (CAP) Cambrai
2 22 Mar 1918 1515 2 (AFC) S.E.5a (C9541) Fokker DR.I (DESF) Sains les Marquion
3 23 Mar 1918 0945 2 (AFC) S.E.5a (C9541) Albatros D.V (DES) N of Bourlon Wood
4 24 Mar 1918 1255 2 (AFC) S.E.5a (C9541) Albatros D.V (DES) NE of Bapaume
5 27 Mar 1918 1200 2 (AFC) S.E.5a (C9541) Fokker DR.I (DESF) Suzanne
6 27 Mar 1918 1225 2 (AFC) S.E.5a (C9541) D (CAP) Méaulte
7 16 May 1918 0615 2 (AFC) S.E.5a (C5441) Pfalz D.III (DES) Near Bapaume
8 12 Jun 1918 1040 2 (AFC) S.E.5a (D6860) Fokker DR.I (DES) Gury
9 12 Jun 1918 1040 2 (AFC) S.E.5a (D6860) Fokker DR.I (DES) S of Connectencourt
10 12 Jun 1918 1130 2 (AFC) S.E.5a (D6860) LVG C (CAP) S of Marqueglise
11 12 Jun 1918 1145 2 (AFC) S.E.5a (D6860) Fokker D.VII (CAP) Goumay
12 25 Jul 1918 0910 2 (AFC) S.E.5a (D6860) Fokker D.VII (DES) Houplines
13 01 Aug 1918 1500 2 (AFC) S.E.5a (D6860) DFW C (DES) La Bassée
14 01 Aug 1918 1500 2 (AFC) S.E.5a (D6860) Fokker D.VII (OOC) La Bassée
15 12 Aug 1918 1110 2 (AFC) S.E.5a (D6860) Fokker D.VII (DES) Licourt
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