The Aerodrome Home Page
Aces of WWI
Aircraft of WWI
Books and Videos
The Aerodrome Forum
Sign the Guestbook
Help
WWI Web Sites
Medals & Decorations
The Aerodrome News
Search The Aerodrome
Today in History




Name: Raymond "Collie" Collishaw
Distinguished Service Order (DSO) and Bar
Distinguished Service Cross (DSC)
Distinguished Flying Cross (DFC)
Raymond Collishaw Order of St. Anne
Croix de Guerre
Country: Canada
Rank: Lieutenant Colonel
Service: Royal Naval Air Service
Royal Air Force
Units: 10N, 13N; 3W (RNAS)
47, 203 (RAF)
Victories: 60
Born: 22 November 1893
Place of Birth: Nanaimo, British Columbia
Died: 28 September 1976
Place of Death: West Vancouver, British Columbia
Cemetery: Capilano View Cemetery, West Vancouver, British Columbia
 
 
Fifteen year old Raymond Collishaw joined the Canadian Fisheries Protection Services in 1908. Over the next seven years he worked his way from cabin boy to first officer. In January 1916, he joined the Royal Naval Air Service as a probationary Flight Sub-Lieutenant. Eventually commanding the famous "Black Flight," he was the first pilot to claim 6 victories in one day and the highest scoring ace to fly the Sopwith Triplane. When the war ended, he remained in the Royal Air Force, rising to the rank of Air Vice-Marshal.

Collishaw was the brother-in-law of Canadian ace George Leonard Trapp.


"While in the air you constantly turned your head, first to one side and then to the other, making sure that nothing was on your tail. This, by the way, was the reason for the traditional silk scarves worn by the fighter pilots." Raymond Collishaw
 
Distinguished Service Cross (DSC)
Flt.-Lieut. Raymond Collishaw, R.N.A.S.
   In recognition of his services on various occasions, especially the following:
   On June 1st, 1917, this officer shot down an Albatross Scout in flames.
   On 3rd June, 1917, he shot down an Albatross Scout in flames.
   On 5th June, 1917, he shot down a two-seater Albatross in flames.
   On the 6th June, 1917, he shot down two Albatross scouts in flames and killed the pilot in a third.
   He has displayed great gallantry and skill in all his combats.
 
Distinguished Flying Cross (DFC)
Lt. (T./Maj.) Raymond Collishaw, D.S.O., D.S.C.
   This officer is an exceptionally capable and efficient squadron commander, under whose leadership the squadron has maintained a high place in the Army Wing. He has carried out numerous solo patrols and led many offensive patrols, on all occasions engaging the enemy with great bravery and fearlessness. Up to date he has accounted for forty-seven enemy machines, twenty-two in the last twelve months.
 
Distinguished Service Order (DSO)
Flt. Lieut. Raymond Collishaw, D.S.C., R.N.A.S.
   For conspicuous bravery and skill in successfully leading attacks against hostile aircraft.
    Since the 10th June, 1917, Flt. Lieut. Collishaw has himself brought down four machines completely out of control and driven down two others with their planes shot away.
    Whilst on an offensive patrol on the morning of the 15th June, 1917, he forced down a hostile scout in a nose dive. Later, on the same day, he drove down one hostile two-seater machine completely out of control, one hostile scout in a spin, and a third machine with two of its planes shot away.
    On the 24th June, 1917, he engaged four enemy scouts, driving one down in a spin and another with two of its planes shot away; the latter machine was seen to crash.
 
Distinguished Service Order (DSO) Bar
Lieut. (T./Major) Raymond Collishaw, D.S.O., D.S.C., D.F.C. (late R.N.A.S.).
   A brilliant squadron leader of exceptional daring, who has destroyed fifty-one enemy machines. Early one morning he, with another pilot, attacked an enemy aerodrome. Seeing three machines brought out of a burning hangar he dived five times, firing bursts at these from a very low altitude, and dropped bombs on the living quarters. He then saw an enemy aeroplane descending over the aerodrome; he attacked it and drove it down in flames. Later, when returning from a reconnaissance of the damaged hangars, he was attacked by three Albatross Scouts, who pursued him to our lines, when he turned and attacked one, which fell out of control and crashed.
   (D.S.O. gazetted 11th August, 1917; D.S.C. gazetted 20th July, 1917; D.F.C. gazetted 3rd August, 1918.)
 
Victories
Date Time Unit Aircraft Opponent Location
1 25 Oct 1916 3W Sopwith 1½ Strutter (9407) Scout (DES) Luneville
2 25 Oct 1916 3W Sopwith 1½ Strutter (9407) Scout (OOC) Luneville
3 15 Feb 1917 1200 3N Sopwith Pup (N6160) Halberstadt D.II (OOC) Bapaume
4 04 Mar 1917 1105 3N Sopwith Pup (N6160) Halberstadt D.II (OOC) Bapaume
5 28 Apr 1917 abt 2000 10N Sopwith Triplane (N5490) Albatros D.II (DES) Ostend
6 30 Apr 1917 1730 10N Sopwith Triplane (N5490) Albatros D.II (DES) E of Courtemarck
7 09 May 1917 1955 10N Sopwith Triplane (N5490) Albatros D.III (OOC) E of Dixmude
8 12 May 1917 0750 10N Sopwith Triplane (N5490) Seaplane (DES) Ostend
9 01 Jun 1917 0920 10N Sopwith Triplane (N5490) Albatros D.III (DESF) S of Wervicq
10 02 Jun 1917 0900 10N Sopwith Triplane (N5490) C (OOC) 1 St. Julien
11 03 Jun 1917 1915 10N Sopwith Triplane (N5490) Albatros D.III (DESF) Roubaix
12 04 Jun 1917 2000 10N Sopwith Triplane (N5490) Albatros D.III (DESF) Lille
13 05 Jun 1917 0850 10N Sopwith Triplane (N5490) Albatros C (DESF) 2 Wervicq
14 05 Jun 1917 0900 10N Sopwith Triplane (N5490) Albatros C (OOC) 3 NW of Poelcapelle
15 06 Jun 1917 1050 10N Sopwith Triplane (N5490) Albatros D.III (DESF) Polygon Wood
16 06 Jun 1917 1105 10N Sopwith Triplane (N5490) Albatros D.III (DESF) Polygon Wood
17 06 Jun 1917 1110 10N Sopwith Triplane (N5490) Albatros D.III (OOC) Polygon Wood
18 07 Jun 1917 0845 10N Sopwith Triplane (N5490) Albatros D.III (OOC) Menin-St. Julien
19 15 Jun 1917 1055 10N Sopwith Triplane (N5492) C (OOC) St. Julien-Houthem
20 15 Jun 1917 1715 10N Sopwith Triplane (N5492) C (OOC) Menin
21 15 Jun 1917 1740 10N Sopwith Triplane (N5492) Albatros D.V (OOC) Moorslede
22 15 Jun 1917 1740 10N Sopwith Triplane (N5492) Albatros D.V (DES) Moorslede
23 17 Jun 1917 1910 10N Sopwith Triplane (N5492) Albatros D.V (OOC) Roulers
24 24 Jun 1917 0810 10N Sopwith Triplane (N5492) Albatros D.V (DES) Moorslede
25 02 Jul 1917 1100 10N Sopwith Triplane (N5492) C (DES) Poelcapelle Station
26 06 Jul 1917 1100 10N Sopwith Triplane (N5492) Albatros D.V (DES) Deulemont
27 06 Jul 1917 1110 10N Sopwith Triplane (N5492) Albatros D.V (OOC) Menin
28 06 Jul 1917 1110 10N Sopwith Triplane (N5492) Albatros D.V (OOC) Menin
29 06 Jul 1917 1110 10N Sopwith Triplane (N5492) Albatros D.V (OOC) Menin
30 06 Jul 1917 1110 10N Sopwith Triplane (N5492) Albatros D.V (OOC) Menin
31 06 Jul 1917 1110 10N Sopwith Triplane (N5492) Albatros D.V (OOC) Menin
32 11 Jul 1917 2040 10N Sopwith Triplane (N5492) Albatros D.V (OOC) Moorslede
33 12 Jul 1917 0745 10N Sopwith Triplane (N5492) Albatros D.V (OOC) Polygon Wood
34 20 Jul 1917 0805 10N Sopwith Triplane (N5492) Albatros D.V (DES) Menin-Messines
35 21 Jul 1917 2000 10N Sopwith Triplane (N5492) Albatros D.V (OOC) Paschendaele
36 21 Jul 1917 2000 10N Sopwith Triplane (N5492) Albatros D.V (OOC) Passchendaele
37 27 Jul 1917 1945 10N Sopwith Triplane (N533) Albatros D.V (DES) N of Menin
38 27 Jul 1917 1950 10N Sopwith Triplane (N533) Albatros D.V (OOC) Polygon Wood
39 19 Dec 1917 1520 13N Sopwith Camel (B6390) Albatros D.V (OOC) Ostend
40 11 Jun 1918 1835 203 Sopwith Camel (D3417) Pfalz D.II (DES) E of Outtersteene
41 11 Jun 1918 1835 203 Sopwith Camel (D3417) Pfalz D.III (OOC) W of Armentières
42 15 Jun 1918 2040 203 Sopwith Camel (D3417) Fokker D.VII (DES) Ervillers
43 26 Jun 1918 2000 203 Sopwith Camel (D3417) Fokker D.VII (DES) Bussy, N of Noyon
44 30 Jun 1918 1905 203 Sopwith Camel (D3417) Pfalz D.III (OOC) Houthoulst Wood
45 04 Jul 1918 2055 203 Sopwith Camel (D3417) Fokker D.VII (OOC) Hollebeke
46 04 Jul 1918 2130 203 Sopwith Camel (D3417) DFW C (OOC) NE of Dixmude
47 04 Jul 1918 2130 203 Sopwith Camel (D3417) DFW C (OOC) NE of Dixmude
48 20 Jul 1918 1100 203 Sopwith Camel (D3417) DFW C (DES) SE of Merville
49 20 Jul 1918 1140 203 Sopwith Camel (D3417) DFW C (OOC) Miraumont
50 22 Jul 1918 0355 203 Sopwith Camel (D3417) C (DES) Dorignies
51 22 Jul 1918 0535 203 Sopwith Camel (D3417) Albatros D.V (DES) Scarpe River
52 09 Aug 1918 1520 203 Sopwith Camel (D3417) DFW C (DES) 2000 yds NE of Locon
53 10 Aug 1918 1925 203 Sopwith Camel (D3417) Fokker D.VII (DES) W of Bray
54 10 Aug 1918 1930 203 Sopwith Camel (D3417) Fokker D.VII (OOC) W of Bray
55 15 Aug 1918 2000 203 Sopwith Camel (D3417) Fokker D.VII (DES) S of Damery
56 29 Aug 1918 1900 203 Sopwith Camel (D3417) Fokker D.VII (OOC) Bapaume
57 05 Sep 1918 1500 203 Sopwith Camel (D3417) Fokker D.VII (CAP) Inchy-en-Artois
58 24 Sep 1918 0705 203 Sopwith Camel (D3417) Fokker D.VII (DES) Epinoy
59 26 Sep 1918 1305 203 Sopwith Camel (D3417) Fokker D.VII (DES) Lieu St. Amand
60 26 Sep 1918 1308 203 Sopwith Camel (D3417) Fokker D.VII (DES) E of Lieu St. Amand

09 Oct 1919 47 Sopwith Camel (F6396) Nieuport (DES) 20 mi N of Czaritsyn

1 Shared with FSL Ellis Reid, FSL William Alexander, FSL Gerald Nash
2 Shared with FSL K G Boyd (N5478), FSL Desmond Fitzgibbon, FSL Gerald Nash, FSL Ellis Reid
3 Shared with FSL Desmond Fitzgibbon
 
Books
Air Command
A fighting pilot's Story; Raymond Collishaw / Unknown Binding
 
Aces · Aircraft · Books · Forum · Guests · Help · Links · Medals · News · Search · Today