A graduate of the University of Saskatchewan, Clifford MacKay McEwen joined the Canadian Army in 1916. In April 1917 he was seconded to the Royal Flying Corps. A founding member of 28 Squadron, he served in Italy as a Sopwith Camel pilot, scoring 27 victories. In 1919 "Black Mike" returned to Canada where he served as an instructor with the Royal Canadian Air Force. From 1932 to 1941 he was commander of air training operations at Camp Borden, Ontario, then at Trenton, Ontario, Toronto, Montreal and Halifax, Nova Scotia. During World War II, he commanded two bomber group bases, assuming command of 6 Bomber Group in England in 1944. He attained the rank of Air Vice-Marshal and retired in 1946 but continued working as a consultant to various aircraft manufacturers. He was 69 when he died.
Military Cross (MC)
Lt. Clifford McEwen, Infy. Secd. to R.A.F.
For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty in destroying six enemy aeroplanes. A most gallant pilot and patrol leader.
Supplement to the London Gazette, 16 September 1918 (30901/11042)
Distinguished Flying Cross (DFC)
Lieut. Clifford McEwen, M.C. (Can. Inf., Res. Bn.).
A skilful and fearless officer who in three weeks destroyed five enemy aeroplanes.
(Notification of this award appeared in Gazette 2nd July 1918.)
Supplement to the London Gazette, 21 September 1918 (30913/11253)
Distinguished Flying Cross (DFC) Bar
Lieut. Clifford McEwen, M.C., D.F.C.
(15th Res. Bn., Can. Infy.). (ITALY.)
A brilliant and courageous pilot who has personally destroyed twenty enemy machines. Exhibiting entire disregard of personal danger, he never hesitates to engage the enemy, however superior in numbers, and never fails to inflict serious casualties. His fine fighting spirit and skilful leadership inspired all who served with him.
Supplement to the London Gazette, 3 December 1918 (31046/14316)