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Name: Clifford MacKay "Black Mike" McEwen
Military Cross (MC)
Distinguished Flying Cross (DFC) and bar
bronze medal for military valor
Clifford McEwen
Country: Canada
Rank: Lieutenant
Service: Royal Flying Corps
Royal Air Force
Units: 28
Victories: 27
Born: 02 July 1897
Place of Birth: Griswold, Manitoba
Died: 06 August 1967
Place of Death: Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Cemetery: Fund's Field of Honour, Pointe Claire, Quebec
 
 
A graduate of the University of Saskatchewan, Clifford MacKay McEwen joined the Canadian Army in 1916. In April 1917 he was seconded to the Royal Flying Corps. A founding member of 28 Squadron, he served in Italy as a Sopwith Camel pilot, scoring 27 victories. In 1919 "Black Mike" returned to Canada where he served as an instructor with the Royal Canadian Air Force. From 1932 to 1941 he was commander of air training operations at Camp Borden, Ontario, then at Trenton, Ontario, Toronto, Montreal and Halifax, Nova Scotia. During World War II, he commanded two bomber group bases, assuming command of 6 Bomber Group in England in 1944. He attained the rank of Air Vice-Marshal and retired in 1946 but continued working as a consultant to various aircraft manufacturers. He was 69 when he died.
 
Military Cross (MC)
Lt. Clifford McEwen, Infy. Secd. to R.A.F.
   For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty in destroying six enemy aeroplanes. A most gallant pilot and patrol leader.
 
Distinguished Flying Cross (DFC)
Lieut. Clifford McEwen, M.C. (Can. Inf., Res. Bn.).
   A skilful and fearless officer who in three weeks destroyed five enemy aeroplanes.
   (Notification of this award appeared in Gazette 2nd July 1918.)
 
Distinguished Flying Cross (DFC) Bar
Lieut. Clifford McEwen, M.C., D.F.C. (15th Res. Bn., Can. Infy.). (ITALY.)
   A brilliant and courageous pilot who has personally destroyed twenty enemy machines. Exhibiting entire disregard of personal danger, he never hesitates to engage the enemy, however superior in numbers, and never fails to inflict serious casualties. His fine fighting spirit and skilful leadership inspired all who served with him.
 
Victories
Date Time Unit Aircraft Opponent Location
1 30 Dec 1917 1500 28 Sopwith Camel (B2461) Albatros D.III (DESF) 1 2 km NE of Conegliano
2 02 Feb 1918 1050 28 Sopwith Camel (B2461) C (DESF) N of Conegliano
3 02 Feb 1918 1050 28 Sopwith Camel (B2461) C (DES) N of Conegliano
4 18 Feb 1918 1200 28 Sopwith Camel (B5169) Albatros D.III (OOC) Rustigne
5 27 Feb 1918 1020 28 Sopwith Camel (B5169) Albatros D.V (DES) 10 km N of Conegliano
6 27 Feb 1918 1020 28 Sopwith Camel (B5169) Albatros D.V (DES) 10 km N of Conegliano
7 02 May 1918 1040 28 Sopwith Camel (B7383) Albatros D.V (DESF) Valdobbiadene
8 03 May 1918 1610 28 Sopwith Camel (B7383) Albatros D.III (DES) 2 km SE of Mansue
9 09 May 1918 0800 28 Sopwith Camel (B7383) Albatros D.V (DES) S of Caldonazzo
10 21 May 1918 1230 28 Sopwith Camel (B7383) Albatros D.V (DES) Motta
11 24 May 1918 0645 28 Sopwith Camel (B7383) Albatros D.III (DES) Tezze
12 31 May 1918 1830 28 Sopwith Camel (B7383) C (DES) Folline
13 03 Jun 1918 1500 28 Sopwith Camel (D1911) Albatros D.III (DES) 5 km E of Motta aerodrome
14 07 Jun 1918 0815 28 Sopwith Camel (D1911) C (DES) 12 km SE of Motta
15 19 Jun 1918 0845 28 Sopwith Camel (D8112) Berg D.I (DESF) Caldonazzo
16 19 Jun 1918 0845 28 Sopwith Camel (D8112) Berg D.I (OOC) Caldonazzo
17 21 Jun 1918 1210 28 Sopwith Camel (D8112) Berg D.I (DES) Villa Canton
18 23 Jun 1918 1145 28 Sopwith Camel (D8112) Albatros D.III (DES) N of Nerversa
19 25 Jun 1918 0900 28 Sopwith Camel (D8112) Albatros D.V (OOC) Godega
20 27 Jun 1918 2045 28 Sopwith Camel (D8112) C (DESF) Piazza
21 01 Jul 1918 1030 28 Sopwith Camel (D8112) Berg D.I (DES) S of Pordenone
22 09 Jul 1918 1450 28 Sopwith Camel (D8239) Albatros D.III (DESF) Calliano
23 09 Jul 1918 1455 28 Sopwith Camel (D8239) C (DESF) Calliano
24 20 Jul 1918 0635 28 Sopwith Camel (D8239) Hansa-Brandenburg C (DES) Lavarone
25 11 Aug 1918 1015 28 Sopwith Camel (D8208) Albatros D.V (OOC) Tontanello
26 26 Sep 1918 1100 28 Sopwith Camel (D8239) Albatros D.V (DESF) 2 10 km SW of Belluna
27 04 Oct 1918 1345 28 Sopwith Camel (D8241) Albatros D.V (DES) Tagliamento River

1 Shared with Lt A G Cooper (B6362)
2 Shared with Capt Stanley Stanger
 
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