Having served in the trenches of France as a trooper with the Royal Horse Guards, Arthur William Hammond requested a transfer to the Royal Flying Corps in March 1916 and was posted to 2 Squadron in 1917. In 1918 he flew with Victoria Cross recipient Lieutenant Alan Arnett McLeod and scored five victories as an A.W.F.K.8 observer. Post-war, he emigrated to Canada, became a Canadian citizen, and served with the Royal Canadian Air Force during WWII.
British Army WWI Medal Rolls Index Cards, 1914-1920
Military Cross (MC)
T./Lt. Arthur William Hammond, R.E.,
For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty. When acting as observer on photographic work, though his machine was attacked by six enemy aeroplanes, he with great coolness shot down two of these. On two later occasions a large number of hostile battery positions were photographed, engaged and successfully silenced, as well as some of our long range batteries calibrated on hostile targets. The eminently satisfactory manner in which all these tasks were accomplished is due to this officer's keenness, conscientiousness and devotion to duty.
T./Lt. Arthur William Hammond, M.C., R.E., and R.F.C.
For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty in aerial fighting. Whilst attacking hostile troops at about 500 feet he was encountered by eight triplanes, which dived from all directions, firing their front guns. He fired bursts at each machine in turn, shooting three of them down out of control. He was wounded himself six times, but continued the action until his machine caught fire. The pilot, although wounded five times, with great skill and coolness managed to climb to the left hand bottom plane and controlled the machine from the side of the fuselage, side-slipping to the ground. The machine crashed in "No Man's Land," and the pilot managed to extricate him from the flames and dragged him to a shell-hole, from which they were rescued by the infantry.
(M.C. gazetted 22nd April, 1918.)