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Today in History

Name: Arthur William Hammond
Military Cross (MC) and Bar
Country: England
Rank: Lieutenant
Service: Royal Flying Corps
Royal Air Force
Units: 2
Victories: 5
Born: 29 August 1890
Place of Birth: Burton Upon Trent, Staffordshire
Died: 22 December 1959
Place of Death: Victoria, British Columbia
Arthur William Hammond served with the Royal Horse Guards before transferring to the Royal Flying Corps. Posted to 2 Squadron, he flew with Victoria Cross recipient Lieutenant Alan Arnett McLeod and scored five victories as an A.W.F.K.8 observer.

Residence in 1891 and at enlistment was Burton Upon Trent. His birth was registered, at Burton, in the 4th quarter of 1890. After the war, he emigrated to Canada, became a Canadian citizen, and served with the Royal Canadian Air Force during WW II. His "regimental number" was 123496.
Military Cross (MC)
T./Lt. Arthur William Hammond, R.E., attd. R.F.C.
   For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty. When acting as observer on photographic work, though his machine was attacked by six enemy aeroplanes, he with great coolness shot down two of these. On two later occasions a large number of hostile battery positions were photographed, engaged and successfully silenced, as well as some of our long range batteries calibrated on hostile targets. The eminently satisfactory manner in which all these tasks were accomplished is due to this officer's keenness, conscientiousness and devotion to duty.
Military Cross (MC) Bar
T./Lt. Arthur William Hammond, M.C., R.E., and R.F.C.
   For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty in aerial fighting. Whilst attacking hostile troops at about 500 feet he was encountered by eight triplanes, which dived from all directions, firing their front guns. He fired bursts at each machine in turn, shooting three of them down out of control. He was wounded himself six times, but continued the action until his machine caught fire. The pilot, although wounded five times, with great skill and coolness managed to climb to the left hand bottom plane and controlled the machine from the side of the fuselage, side-slipping to the ground. The machine crashed in "No Man's Land," and the pilot managed to extricate him from the flames and dragged him to a shell-hole, from which they were rescued by the infantry.
   (M.C. gazetted 22nd April, 1918.)
Date Time Unit Aircraft Opponent Location
1 18 Feb 1918 1155 2 A.W.F.K.8 (B5782) 1 Pfalz Scout (DES) La Bassée
2 18 Feb 1918 1155 2 A.W.F.K.8 (B5782) 1 Pfalz Scout (DES) La Bassée
3 27 Mar 1918 1450 2 A.W.F.K.8 (B5773) 2 Triplane (DES) Albert
4 27 Mar 1918 - 2 A.W.F.K.8 (B5773) 2 Triplane (DES) Albert
5 27 Mar 1918 - 2 A.W.F.K.8 (B5773) 2 Triplane (DES) Albert

1 Pilot Capt Jack Manning Allport
2 Pilot A A McLeod
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