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Name: John Lightfoot Trollope
Military Cross (MC) and bar John Trollope
Country: England
Rank: Captain
Service: Royal Flying Corps
Royal Air Force
Units: 43, 70
Victories: 18
Born: 30 May 1897
Place of Birth: Wallington, Surrey, England
Died: 21 October 1958
Place of Death: Hove, Sussex, England
 
 
Corporal John Lightfoot Trollope transferred from the Royal Engineers to the Royal Flying Corps as a temporary Second Lieutenant on 17 June 1916. Lieutenant Trollope received Royal Aero Club Aviator's Certificate 3772 on a Maurice Farman biplane at Shoreham on 1 August 1916. Posted to 70 Squadron as a reconnaissance pilot, he flew the Sopwith 1½ Strutter until 1917, when he was promoted to Captain and re-assigned to 43 Squadron. Flying the Sopwith Camel, Trollope scored 18 victories during the first three months of 1918. Incredibly, he shot down seven enemy aircraft during the morning and afternoon of 24 March. Four days later, on the morning of 28 March 1918, he led a nine man patrol across the German lines. Only four of them returned. Trollope, Robert Owen and three other pilots were shot down when the patrol was attacked by a flight of Albatros D.Vs. Trollope was credited with one balloon and two of his opponents before his Camel was shot down by Paul Billik of Jasta 52. Captured by the Germans, Trollope's left arm was badly wounded, requiring the amputation of his hand. Repatriated in June 1918, Trollope's left arm was eventually amputated at the shoulder. He was recommended for the Distinguished Service Order but did not receive it.
Great Britain, Royal Aero Club Aviators' Certificates, 1910-1950
 
Military Cross (MC)
T./Capt. John Lightfoot Trollope, Gen. List and R.F.C.
   For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty. During a period of three months he has engaged and brought down completely out of control four hostile machines, and has sent down crashing to earth, three others. On all occasions he has displayed the greatest courage, determination and skill, and it is largely due to his fine leadership that the flight under his command has contributed so much to the marked success of the squadron.
 
Military Cross (MC) Bar
T./Capt. John Lightfoot Trollope, M.C., Gen. List and R.F.C.
   For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty. On one occasion during the recent operations, while on offensive patrol, he encountered three enemy machines, two of which he completely destroyed. He then attacked a scout, and after firing 100 rounds into it, the enemy machine went down completely out of control, eventually crashing. Later in the same day, on his flight encountering four enemy two-seater planes, he sent three of them down crashing to earth. Within a month previous to this he fought two hostile formations, numbering 12 machines in all, single-handed, and did not break off the engagement until he had driven off all of them towards the East. He has accounted for 14 enemy machines, and has rendered exceptionally brilliant service by his gallantry and determination.
   (M.C. gazetted 13th May, 1918.)
 
Victories
Date Time Unit Aircraft Opponent Location
1 19 Jan 1918 1025 43 Sopwith Camel (B6210) DFW C (DES) Vitry
2 16 Feb 1918 1145 43 Sopwith Camel (B6210) DFW C (DES) Vitry
3 17 Feb 1918 0930 43 Sopwith Camel (B6210) DFW C (OOC) Brebieres
4 05 Mar 1918 1520 43 Sopwith Camel (B6210) DFW C (OOC) E of La Bassée
5 11 Mar 1918 1350 43 Sopwith Camel (B6210) Albatros D.V (OOC) Sainghin
6 17 Mar 1918 1145 43 Sopwith Camel (C8270) Albatros D.V (OOC) Maugne
7 17 Mar 1918 1200 43 Sopwith Camel (C8270) Albatros D.V (DESF) 4 mi E of Armentières
8 23 Mar 1918 1300 43 Sopwith Camel (C8270) DFW C (CAP) Mercatel
9 24 Mar 1918 1100 43 Sopwith Camel (C8270) DFW C (DES) E of Mercatel
10 24 Mar 1918 1100 43 Sopwith Camel (C8270) DFW C (DESF) 1 SE of Mercatel
11 24 Mar 1918 1105 43 Sopwith Camel (C8270) Albatros D.V (DES) E of Mercatel
12 24 Mar 1918 1520 43 Sopwith Camel (C8270) Albatros C (DES) Sailly-Saillisel
13 24 Mar 1918 1520 43 Sopwith Camel (C8270) Albatros C (DES) Sailly-Saillisel
14 24 Mar 1918 1520 43 Sopwith Camel (C8270) Albatros C (DES) Sailly-Saillisel
15 24 Mar 1918 1530 43 Sopwith Camel (C8270) C (DES) Sailly-Saillisel
16 28 Mar 1918 0930 43 Sopwith Camel (C8270) Balloon (DES) E of Albert
17 28 Mar 1918 0930 43 Sopwith Camel (C8270) Albatros D.V (DES) E of Albert
18 28 Mar 1918 0930 43 Sopwith Camel (C8270) Albatros D.V (DES) E of Albert

1 Shared with 2Lt Robert Owen
 
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