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Name: Jacques Raphaël Roques
Médaille Militaire [france]
Croix de Guerre with 3 palmes and 1 star [france]
Croix de Guerre with palm [belgium]
Jacques Roques
Country: Switzerland
Rank: Adjudant
Service: French Air Service
Unit: Spa48
Victories: 5
Born: 02 August 1897
Place of Birth: Paris
Died: May 1988
Place of Death:  
Although born in Paris, Roques was a Swiss national whose mother was Venezuelan and whose father was Swiss. Having earned a Civil Pilot's License on 10 September 1915, he joined the Foreign Legion on 17 November 1915. In 1916, he transferred to the Aviation Militaire and was posted to Escadrille 48 on 2 January 1917. With this unit he scored five victories and two probable victories. Roques became a French citizen in 1919 and served as a capitaine during World War II. When France surrendered to Germany in June 1940, Roques worked with the Resistance for the remainder of the war.
Médaille Militaire
"Excellent, energetic and brave pilot, he has distinguished himself during the course of his latest offensives by strafing with extreme boldness. On 10 August [1918] from several meters off the ground he persistently attacked a machine-gun nest that was holding up our cavalry. He also pointed out the obstacle and allowed our soldiers to turn and capture the post. Three citations." Médaille Militaire citation, 9 September 1918
Date Time Unit Aircraft Opponent Location
1 26 Apr 1917 1740 Spa48 SPAD VII Albatros 1 Loivre
2 27 Jul 1917 Spa48 SPAD VII Fokker 2 Foret de Houthulst
3 19 Feb 1918 Spa48 SPAD XIII Rumpler C 3 Nogent l'Abbesse
u/c 17 May 1918 Spa48 SPAD XIII EA 4  
u/c 11 Jun 1918 Spa48 SPAD XIII Two-seater 5  
4 12 Jun 1918 1840 Spa48 SPAD XIII Fokker D.VII 6 Resson-sur-Matz
5 17 Jun 1918 Spa48 SPAD XIII Halberstadt CL.II 7 Chaudun

1 Shared with Sgt Robert Bajac
2 Shared with Adjudant Robert Bajac, Lt Jacques Ortoli
3 Shared with S/Lt Robert Bajac, Adj Edmond Caillaux
4 Shared with Adj Quiles
5 Shared with Adj Montrion, Adj Edmond Caillaux
6 Shared with S/Lt Bajac
7 Shared with S/Lt Gilbert de Guingand
Over the Front
by Norman L. R. Franks, Frank W. Bailey / Hardcover / Grub Street the Basement (May 1992)
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