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Today in History




Name: Hermann Wilhelm Göring
Orden Pour le Mérite (Blue Max)
Knight's Cross of the Royal House Order of Hohenzollern
Iron Cross 1st and 2nd class
Hermann Göring
Country: Germany
Rank: Oberleutnant
Units: FEA 3
FFA 25
Jasta 5, 7, 26, 27
KEK Metz, Stenay
JG I
Victories: 22
Born: 12 January 1893
Place of Birth: Marienbad; near Rosenheim, Bavaria
Died: 15 October 1946
Place of Death: Nürnberg
 
 
The son of a distinguished army officer, Hermann Göring was commissioned in the Prussian army on 22 June 1912. In 1914, he served with an infantry regiment in the Vosges region before he was hospitalized with rheumatoid arthritis. While recovering, his friend Bruno Loerzer convinced him to transfer to the German Air Force. Later that year, Göring completed his training with FEA 3 and joined FFA 25 in 1915, often flying as Loerzer's observer. After training to become a pilot, he scored his first victory on 16 November 1915. He was wounded in action on 16 July 1917. Serving with various units over the next three years, he accumulated seventeen more victories. Following the death of Wilhelm Reinhard, Göring assumed command of Manfred von Richthofen's JG I on 8 July 1918.

When Göring joined the Nazi Party in 1922, Hitler gave him command of the SA Brownshirts. Badly wounded in the Munich beer hall putsch of 1923, Göring fled the country for four years. Upon his return, he aided Hitler's rise to power and later become President of the Reichstag, Prime Minister of Prussia and Commander-in-Chief of the Luftwaffe. As founder of the Gestapo, Göring was instrumental in creating the first concentration camps for political dissidents. Hitler's designated successor was captured by the American Seventh Army at the end of the war. In 1946, Göring was tried for conspiracy to wage war, crimes against peace, war crimes and crimes against humanity. He was found guilty of all charges and sentenced to death by hanging. Two hours before his scheduled execution, Göring committed suicide by taking a poison capsule.

 
Opponents
#12 Orlando BridgemanEngland
#14 Ralph CurtisEnglandand Desmond UniackeEngland
 
Victories
Date Time Unit Aircraft Opponent Location
u/c 03 Jun 1915 FA 25   EA Stenay
1 16 Nov 1915 1430 FA 25   Farman Tahure
2 14 Mar 1916 1200 FA 25   Caudron SE of Haumont Wood
3 30 Jul 1916 1030 FA 25   Caudron Mamey
4 23 Apr 1917 1720 KEK Metz   F.E.2b (A823)  
5 28 Apr 1917 1830 Jasta 26   Sopwith 1½ Strutter St. Quentin
6 29 Apr 1917 1945 Jasta 26   Nieuport 17 (N3192)  
7 10 May 1917 1505 Jasta 26   D.H.4? Le Pave
8 08 Jun 1917 0730 Jasta 26   Nieuport 17 (B1656)  
9 16 Jul 1917 2010 Jasta 27   S.E.5 (A8931)  
10 24 Jul 1917 2045 Jasta 27   Martinsyde G.100 Passchendaele
11 05 Aug 1917 2015 Jasta 27   Sopwith Camel (B3792)  
12 25 Aug 1917 2040 Jasta 27   Sopwith Camel (B3918)  
13 03 Sep 1917 0900 Jasta 27   D.H.4? N of Lampernisse
14 21 Sep 1917 0905 Jasta 27   Bristol F.2b (A7224)  
15 21 Oct 1917 1545 Jasta 27   S.E.5a (B547)  
16 07 Nov 1917 0915 Jasta 27   D.H.5 NW of Poelcapelle
17 21 Feb 1918 1000 Jasta 27   S.E.5a (C5325)  
18 07 Apr 1918 1250 Jasta 27   R.E.8 (B876)  
19 05 Jun 1918 1000 Jasta 27 Fokker D.VII (278/18) AR2? Vivières
20 09 Jun 1918 0845 Jasta 27 Fokker D.VII (324/18) SPAD 1  
21 17 Jun 1918 0830 Jasta 27 Fokker D.VII (278/18) SPAD 1  
22 18 Jul 1918 0815 JG I Fokker D.VII SPAD 1  
 
Books
Under the Guns of the German AcesReview
by Norman Franks and Hal Giblin, Grub Street, London, 1997
 
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