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Name: Fulco Ruffo di Calabria
1 Gold, 2 Silver, 4 Bronze Medals for Military Valor Fulco Ruffo di Calabria
Country: Italy
Rank: Capitano
Units: 1a, 4a, 42a, 44a, 70a, 91a
Victories: 20
Born: 12 August 1884
Place of Birth: Napoli
Died: 23 August 1946
Place of Death: Ronchi de Apuania
 
 
On 22 November 1904, Fulco Ruffo di Calabria joined the 11th Foggia Light Cavalry Regiment. After serving in Africa, he returned to Italy and transferred to aviation in 1914. Flying the Nieuport 11, Nieuport 17 and SPAD VII, he engaged in 53 aerial combats and was credited with 20 victories. Upon the death of Francesco Baracca, Ruffo di Calibria assumed command of 91a Squadriglia but was later relieved by Ferruccio Ranza when he suffered a nervous breakdown. Returning to duty, he assumed command of 10th Gruppo on 23 October 1918 but less than a week later, he was shot down by artillery fire near Marano.

By virtue of her marriage to Prince Albert in 1959, Ruffo di Calibria's granddaughter Paola became Queen of Belgium in 1993.

 
Victories
Date Time Unit Aircraft Opponent Location
1 23 Aug 1916 1a   Hansa-Brandenburg C.I Gorizia/Carso
u/c 23 Aug 1916 1a   EA Stariski
2 16 Sep 1916 0930 70a   Lloyd C.III Staro Stelo
u/c 29 Dec 1916 0935 70a   Albatros Velichidol
u/c 01 Jan 1917 1515 70a   Albatros Monfalcone
3 11 Feb 1917 70a   Hansa-Brandenburg C.I Selvis Ozzano
4 16 Feb 1917 70a   Albatros Manzano/Medeuzza
u/c 28 Feb 1917 1015 70a   EA Gradisca d'Isonzo
5 05 May 1917 91a   Two-seater Sagrado
6 10 May 1917 1100 91a   Scout Biglia
7 12 May 1917 1900 91a   Scout San Marco
8 13 May 1917 a.m. 91a   Albatros Jelenik
9 26 May 1917 1145 91a   Albatros Britof
u/c 24 Jun 1917 0630 91a   Albatros Asiago/Cima 12
u/c 26 Jun 1917 0830 91a   Albatros Asiago
10 14 Jul 1917 0915 91a   Albatros two-seater Castagnevizza
11 17 Jul 1917 91a   Scout S.S. Lucia's Log
12 20 Jul 1917 0920 91a   Two-seater E of Nova Vas
13 20 Jul 1917 0920 91a   Scout E of Castagnevizza
14 25 Oct 1917 0800 91a   EA Lom
15 25 Oct 1917 91a   Aviatik Tolmino
16 25 Oct 1917 91a   Two-seater S of Marco
17 1918 91a   EA  
18 20 May 1918 0915 91a   Scout Volpago/Nervesa
19 1918 91a   EA  
20 15 Jun 1918 0710 91a   Albatros Grave di Papadopoli
 
Books
Above the War Fronts
by Norman L. R. Franks, Russell Guest, Gregory Alegi / Hardcover / Grub Street (September 1997)
 
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