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Name: Keith Logan "Grid" Caldwell
Military Cross (MC)
Distinguished Flying Cross (DFC) and Bar
Croix de Guerre [Belgium]
Country: New Zealand
Rank: Major
Service: Royal Flying Corps
Units: 8, 60, 74
Victories: 25
Born: 16 October 1895
Place of Birth: Wellington, New Zealand
Died: 28 November 1980
Place of Death: New Zealand
 
 
The son of D. R. Caldwell, Keith Logan Caldwell was a talented pilot who began the war in the New Zealand Territorial Infantry. Having already learned to fly, he traveled to England to join the Royal Flying Corps in April 1916. Following flight training, he was posted to 8 Squadron in France on 29 July 1916. After scoring his first victory with a B.E.2d, he was reassigned to 60 Squadron in November 1916. By September 1917, "Grid" downed seven enemy aircraft with Nieuport Scouts, then began flying the S.E.5a with which he scored his ninth victory on 15 September. Returning to England in October, he served as an instructor before returning to France in April 1918 as commanding officer of 74 Squadron. Before the war was over, Caldwell survived a mid-air collision and scored sixteen more victories. But for his poor marksmanship, some thought that "Grid" might have been one of the highest scoring aces of the war. Caldwell eventually returned to New Zealand where he became a farmer and married the sister of Frederick Stanley Gordon. During World War II, he served with the Royal New Zealand Air Force, attained the rank of Air Commodore and became a Commander of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire (C.B.E.).

Keith Caldwell Great War Story
Auckland Star, Auckland, New Zealand, Volume LXXI, Issue 11, 13 January 1940, Page 7
 
Military Cross (MC)
2nd Lt. (T./Capt.) Keith Logan Caldwell, R.F.C., Spec. Res.
   For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty when leading offensive patrols. On one occasion he led a patrol of five machines against twelve hostile aircraft, all of which he drove down out of control. He has personally destroyed five hostile machines, and has had over fifty contests in the air, in all of which he has displayed splendid skill and fearlessness, and has set an excellent example to his squadron.
 
Distinguished Flying Cross (DFC)
Capt. (A./Maj.) Keith Logan Caldwell, M.C. (FRANCE)
   A fine fighting airman of courage and determination. On 4th September, when on offensive patrol, he, in company with another machine, attacked four Fokker biplanes; one of these was driven down by this officer. He has accounted for five enemy machines.
   (M.C. gazetted 17th September, 1917.)
 
Opponents
#3 Hermann BeckerGermany
 
Victories
Date Time Unit Aircraft Opponent Location
1 18 Sep 1916 1930 8 B.E.2d (5735) 1 Roland C.II (DES) Grevillers-Bucquoy
2 11 Dec 1916 1030 60 Nieuport Albatros C (CAP) 2 Dainville
3 14 Jun 1917 0955 60 Nieuport (B1654) Albatros D.III (OOC) Drocourt
4 16 Jun 1917 2020 60 Nieuport (B1654) Albatros D.III (DES) 3 Vitry
5 24 Jun 1917 2010 60 Nieuport (B1654) Albatros D.III (DES) Douai
6 24 Jun 1917 2010 60 Nieuport (B1654) Albatros D.III (OOC) 4 Douai
7 03 Jul 1917 1750 60 Nieuport (B1654) Albatros D.III (OOC) Graincourt
8 15 Jul 1917 1950 60 Nieuport (B1654) Albatros D.III (DES) 5 Vitry
9 15 Sep 1917 1600 60 S.E.5a (B534) Albatros C (DES) St. Julien
10 12 Apr 1918 1935 74 S.E.5a (C5396) Albatros D.V (DES) SE of Deulemont
11 21 May 1918 1900 74 S.E.5a (C5396) Pfalz D.III (DES) W of Ypres
12 28 May 1918 1935 74 S.E.5a (C5396) Pfalz D.III (OOC) I 36
13 31 May 1918 1950 74 S.E.5a (C5396) Pfalz D.III (OOC) W of Ploegsteert Wood
14 01 Jun 1918 1945 74 S.E.5a (C5396) Pfalz D.III (OOC) E of Dickebusch
15 15 Jul 1918 0850 74 S.E.5a (D6864) Fokker D.VII (DES) S of Roulers
16 29 Jul 1918 1945 74 S.E.5a (D6864) Pfalz D.III (OOC) E of Dickebusch
17 30 Jul 1918 1130 74 S.E.5a (D6864) Fokker D.VII (OOC) W or Armentières
18 23 Aug 1918 1925 74 S.E.5a Fokker D.VII (DES) SE of Houthoulst Wood
19 04 Sep 1918 1930 74 S.E.5a (D6864) Fokker D.VII (DES) S of Lille
20 17 Sep 1918 1825 74 S.E.5a Fokker D.VII (DES) N of Courtrai
21 17 Sep 1918 1840 74 S.E.5a Fokker D.VII (OOC) NW of Courtrai
22 21 Sep 1918 1845 74 S.E.5a Fokker D.VII (OOC) Lille
23 24 Sep 1918 1030 74 S.E.5a Siemens-Schuckert D.IV (OOC) E of Armentières
24 14 Oct 1918 1100 74 S.E.5a (C1139) Fokker D.VII (DES) Ledgehem
25 30 Oct 1918 0825 74 S.E.5a Fokker D.VII (DES) Quaremont

1 Observer Capt P E Welchman
2 Shared with Capt Eustace Grenfell, Lt Henry Meintjes, Lt A P V Daly, Lt A D Whitehead, Lt L S Weedon
3 Shared with Lt William Fry, Lt J Collier (B1605)
4 Shared with Lt D C G Murray (B1605), Lt A R Adam (B1569)
5 Shared with Lt William Jenkins, Lt W B Sherwood (B1605)
 
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