A graduate of the Massachussetts Institute of Technology, Arthur Raymond Brooks joined the United States Air Service in September 1917. A year later, his actions in combat earned him a recommendation for the Medal of Honor. Instead, he was awarded a Distinguished Service Cross. Brooks' SPAD XIII was restored and is on display at the National Air and Space Museum in Washington, D.C.
The Distinguished Service Cross is presented to Arthur Raymond Brooks, Second Lieutenant (Air Service), U.S. Army, for extraordinary heroism in action over Mars-la-Tour, France, September 14, 1918. When his patrol was attacked by 12 enemy Fokkers over Mars-la-Tour, 8 miles within the enemy lines, Second Lieutenant Brooks alone fought bravely and relentlessly with eight of them, pursuing the fight from 5, 000 meters to within a few meters of the ground, and though his right rudder control was out and his plane riddled with bullets, he destroyed two Fokkers, one falling out of control and the other bursting into flames.