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Name: Archibald "Archie" Douglas Buchanan
Distinguished Flying Cross (DFC)
Croix de Guerre avec Palme
Archie Buchanan
Country: United States
Rank: Lieutenant
Service: Royal Naval Air Service
Royal Air Force
Units: 210 (RAF)
Victories: 7
Born: 05 October 1895*
Place of Birth: Chicago, Illinois, USA
Place of Death:  
The son of Archibald Douglas and Eleanore (Bergére) Buchanan, Archibald Buchanan joined the Royal Naval Air Service and was promoted to temporary Sub-Lieutenant on 8 January 1917. On 11 June 1918, he was assigned to 210 Squadron, scoring seven confirmed victories over Belgium. On 30 October 1918, in a battle with seven Fokker D.VIIs, Buchanan's Sopwith Camel (F3242) was shot down by Michael Hutterer and Archie Buchanan was captured, spending the last twelve days of the war as a prisoner.

*Year of birth listed as 1892 in some sources
WWI Draft Registration
US Passport Application, 1920
US Passport Application, 1920
US Passport Application, 1920
Distinguished Flying Cross (DFC)
Lieut. Archibald Buchanan, 210 Sqn. (Sea Patrol, FLANDERS)
      On 29th September this officer displayed great gallantry. In an engagement with fifteen Fokker biplanes, owing to engine trouble he was compelled to remain under his flight; he nevertheless accounted for two enemy machines, attacking one under its tail causing it to crash, and driving another down out of control. In addition to the foregoing this officer has destroyed three machines and driven down two out of control.
Date Time Unit Aircraft Opponent Location
1 30 Jun 1918 1110 210 Sopwith Camel (D9669) Balloon NE of Estaires
2 20 Jul 1918 0945 210 Sopwith Camel (D6909) Fokker D.VII 1 SE of Ostende
3 31 Jul 1918 1830 210 Sopwith Camel (D6909) Fokker D.VII NW of Wervicq
4 11 Aug 1918 1050 210 Sopwith Camel (D3422) Pfalz D.III S of Westende
5 16 Sep 1918 1115 210 Sopwith Camel (D3422) Fokker D.VII N of Zeebrugge
6 29 Sep 1918 0800 210 Sopwith Camel (D3422) Fokker D.VII

Wijnendaele Wood

7 29 Sep 1918 0805 210 Sopwith Camel (D3422) Fokker D.VII Wijnendaele Wood

1 Shared with Capt Harold Mellings
American Aces of World War 1
by Norman Franks, Harry Dempsey (Illustrator) / Paperback / Osprey Publishing (September 25, 2001)
Over the Front
by Norman L. R. Franks, Frank W. Bailey / Hardcover / Grub Street the Basement (May 1992)
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