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Name: Harold Evans Hartney
Distinguished Service Cross (DSC)
Legion of Honor
Croix de Guerre with Palm
Harold Hartney Silver Medal for Military Valor
Country: United States
Rank: Lieutenant Colonel
Service: Royal Flying Corps
United States Air Service
Units: 20 (RFC)
27th Aero, 185th Aero, 1st Pursuit Group (USAS)
Victories: 7
Born: 19 April 1888
Place of Birth: Pakenham, Ontario, Canada
Died: 05 October 1947
Place of Death: Washington, D.C., USA
Cemetery: Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, Virginia, USA Image
 
 
Born in Canada, Harold Evans Hartney worked as a clerk in his brother's law firm in Saskatoon after graduating from Toronto University in 1911. After obtaining a graduate degree from the University of Saskatchewan, he became a barrister, joined the Saskatoon 105th Fusiliers, and played the cornet in the town's band. Married in 1914, he shipped out for England with the Canadian Expeditionary Force less than a year latter. As he trained with his battalion on Dibgate Plains, Hartney's visit to an aerodrome near Folkstone and a chance meeting with William Bishop led to his request for transfer to the Royal Flying Corps. On 21 October 1915, Hartney entered the RFC at Norwich. The following day, he survived a near fatal first flight in a Maurice Farman longhorn. By the following year he was grasping the stick of an F.E.2, flying reconnaissance missions over the Western Front. After scoring 5 confirmed victories, he was shot down for the fourth time on the afternoon of 14 February 1917. In his autobiography, Up And At 'Em, Hartney claimed Manfred von Richthofen shot him down that afternoon, northeast of Zillebecke Lake. On 21 September 1917, Hartney was promoted to Major and ordered back to Toronto to assume command of the American 27th Aero Squadron. As a member of the United States Air Service,  he scored two more victories by the end of the war. In 1923, Hartney became a citizen of the United States and published an autobiography, "Up and at 'Em," in 1940. He died, age 57, in Washington, D.C. from heart disease.
 
Distinguished Service Cross (DSC)
The Distinguished Service Cross is presented to Harold E. Hartney, Major (Air Service), U.S. Army, for extraordinary heroism in action near Fismes, France, August 13, 1918. Major Hartney voluntarily accompanied a reconnaissance patrol. Realizing the importance of the mission, Major Hartney took command, and, although five enemy planes repeatedly made attempts to drive them back, he continued into enemy territory, returning later to our lines with important information. The cool judgment and determination displayed by Major Hartney furnished an inspiration to all the members of his command.
General Orders No. 1, W.D., 1919
 
Victories
Date Time Unit Aircraft Opponent Location
1 01 Jul 1916 0555 20 F.E.2d (A3) 1 Fokker E (OOC) Lille-Tourcoing
2 01 Jul 1916 0555 20 F.E.2d (A3) 1 Fokker E (OOC) Lille-Tourcoing
3 20 Oct 1916 0830 20 F.E.2d (A30) 2 Fokker D (OOC) Lille
4 02 Feb 1917 1415 20 F.E.2d (A1960) 3 Halberstadt D.II (DES) Lille
5 14 Feb 1917 1700 20 F.E.2d (A1960) 2 Albatros D.II (DES) Passchendaele
6 14 Feb 1917 1700 20 F.E.2d (A1960) 2 Albatros D.II (OOC) Passchendaele
7 25 Jun 1918 1840 27th Nieuport 28 Albatros D.V Lorry
u/c 22 Oct 1918 p.m. 185th   Gotha Meuse

1 Observer AM2 A Stanley
2 Observer Lt W T Jourdan
3 Observer Lt H R Wilkinson
 
Books
American Aces of World War 1
by Norman Franks, Harry Dempsey (Illustrator) / Paperback / Osprey Publishing (September 25, 2001)
Over the Front
by Norman L. R. Franks, Frank W. Bailey / Hardcover / Grub Street the Basement (May 1992)
Up and at 'Em
Harold E. Hartney / Hardcover / Ayer Co Pub 1979
 
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