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Today in History

Name: John Knox "Mac" MacArthur
Distinguished Service Cross (DSC)
Chevalier de la Légion d'Honneur
Croix de Guerre
John MacArthur
Country: United States
Rank: Lieutenant
Service: United States Air Service
Units: 27th Aero
Victories: 6
Born: 14 January 1891
Place of Birth: Columbia, Pennsylvania, USA
Died: 20 July 1918 Killed In Flying Accident
Place of Death:  
Cemetery: Wilmington and Brandywine Cemetery, Wilmington, Delaware, USA Image
From Buffalo, New York, John Knox MacArthur was an electrical engineer for a powder company and a graduate of Yale. Trained by officers of the Royal Flying Corps at Fort Worth, Texas, he joined the United States Air Service in 1917. He was assigned to the 27th Aero Squadron under Harold Hartley and sent to France in February 1918. On 17 July 1918 MacArthur scored his fifth victory and became the 27th Aero Squadron's first ace. On a mission three days later, he and two other pilots were lost when they encountered a storm. Newspaper reports in 1919 claim MacArthur died in a German prison camp.
Richmond Times-Dispatch, Richmond, Virginia, Tuesday, 29 October 1918, page 2
The Idaho Statesman, Boise, Idaho, Tuesday, 1 April 1919, page 2
Distinguished Service Cross (DSC)
The Distinguished Service Cross is presented to John Knox MacArthur, Second Lieutenant (Air Service), U.S. Army, for extraordinary heroism in action near Luneville, France, June 13, 1918. Outnumbered and handicapped by his presence far behind the German lines, Second Lieutenant MacArthur and three flying companions fought brilliantly a large group of enemy planes, bringing down or putting to flight all in the attacking party, while performing an important mission.
General Orders No. 101, W.D., 1918
Date Time Unit Aircraft Opponent Location
1 13 Jun 1918 27th Nieuport 28 Albatros D.V 1 Lorry
2 25 Jun 1918 1840 27th Nieuport 28 Rumpler C Lorry
3 02 Jul 1918 0715 27th Nieuport 28 Fokker D.VII 2 Vervilly
4 02 Jul 1918 0715 27th Nieuport 28 Fokker D.VII 2 Vervilly
5 17 Jul 1918 27th Nieuport 28 Rumpler C Chassins
6 19 Jul 1918 27th Nieuport 28 EA Norey

1 Shared with Lt K S Clapp, Lt E W Rucker
2 Shared with Lt A A Grant, Lt W J Hoover, Lt Donald Hudson, Lt F W Norton, Lt R S Schmitt
American Aces of World War 1
by Norman Franks, Harry Dempsey (Illustrator) / Paperback / Osprey Publishing (September 25, 2001)
Over the Front
by Norman L. R. Franks, Frank W. Bailey / Hardcover / Grub Street the Basement (May 1992)
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