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Name: Elliot White Springs
Distinguished Service Cross (DSC - United States)
Distinguished Flying Cross (DFC)
Elliot Springs
Country: United States
Rank: Captain
Service: United States Air Service
Units: 85 (RFC)
148th Aero (USAS)
Victories: 16
Born: 31 July 1896
Place of Birth: Lancaster, South Carolina, USA
Died: 15 October 1959
Place of Death: Memorial Hospital, New York, New York, USA
Cemetery: Unity Cemetery, Fort Mill, South Carolina, USA Image
 
 
The son of Colonel Leroy Springs, a wealthy textile manufacturer, Elliot White Springs attended the Culver Military Academy and Princeton. He enlisted in the army in 1917 and was sent to England for training with the Royal Flying Corps. In 1918, he was one of several pilots hand picked by William Bishop to fly the S.E.5a with 85 Squadron in France. After recovering from wounds received in action on 27 June 1918, he was reassigned to the 148th Aero Squadron which was still under the operational control of the RFC. When the war ended, Springs returned to the United States where he barnstormed while writing "Warbirds: The Diary of an Unknown Aviator." His book was largely based upon a collection of letters written by his friend, John McGavock Grider, who was killed in action while serving with 85 Squadron. "Warbirds" was a bestseller and Springs continued writing books based on his experiences during World War I. At his father's request, he returned to work at the family textile business in 1931. Recalled to active duty in 1941, Springs served with the United States Army Air Corps during World War II. He died, age 63, at Memorial Hospital in New York following a battle with pancreatic cancer.
Daily News, Greensboro, North Carolina, Sunday, 19 July 1936, page 4
The Boston Herald, Boston, Massachusetts, Friday, 16 October 1959, page 24
 
Distinguished Flying Cross (DFC)
On 3 August 1918, whilst leading his patrol, which was escorting DH9s to Bruges, this officer shot down in flames three Fokker biplanes which were diving on the DHs and succeeded in driving off the rest of the EA and escorted the bombers safely back to our lines. On the morning of 22 August [1918], he attacked five Fokker biplanes, one of them he shot down which was seen to crash in a wood south of Velu. He engaged another EA and sent it down out of control and immediately turned to attack another which he drove east. Having shot away all his ammunition, Lieutenant Springs pulled out of the fight. On the afternoon of 22 August [1918], he engaged three Fokker biplanes that were diving on a lower flight. One of the three pulled out of his dive; another turned east and the third Lieutenant Springs shot down out of control. It was last seen by one of the patrol diving into the ruins of Bapaume. Lieutenant Springs has been on active service in France since 22 May 1918. He has destroyed five EA and driven down out of control, two. This officer has at all times shown the greatest determination and courage and his work as Flight Commander in this squadron has been marked by a rare combination of cool judgement and most aggressive fighting tactics.
Supplement to the London Gazette, 3 August 1918
 
Distinguished Service Cross (DSC)
The Distinguished Service Cross is presented to Elliott White Springs, First Lieutenant (Air Service), U.S. Army, for extraordinary heroism in action near Bapaume, France, August 22, 1918. Attacking three enemy planes (type Fokker), who were driving on one of our planes, Lieutenant Springs, after a short and skillful fight, drove off two of the enemy and shot down the third. On the same day he attacked a formation of five enemy planes (type Fokker), and after shooting down one plane was forced to retire because of lack of ammunition.
General Orders No. 23, W.D., 1919
 
Victories
Date Time Unit Aircraft Opponent Location
1 01 Jun 1918 2015 85 S.E.5a (C1885) Pfalz D.III (OOC) La Gorgue
2 17 Jun 1918 0645 85 S.E.5a (D6851) Two-seater (DES) 1 S of Merris
3 18 Jun 1918 1005 85 S.E.5a (D6851) Two-seater (DES) Menin
4 25 Jun 1918 1610 85 S.E.5a (D6851) Two-seater (DES) E of Kemmel
5 03 Aug 1918 0940 148th Sopwith Camel (D8250) Fokker D.VII (DES) SE of Ostend
6 13 Aug 1918 1950 148th Sopwith Camel (D8250) Fokker D.VII (DES) SE of Roye
7 22 Aug 1918 1010 148th Sopwith Camel (D8250) Fokker D.VII (DES) S of Velu
8 22 Aug 1918 1010 148th Sopwith Camel (D8250) Fokker D.VII (OOC) S of Velu
9 22 Aug 1918 p.m. 148th Sopwith Camel (D8250) Fokker D.VII (DES) Bapaume
10 27 Aug 1918 1330 148th Sopwith Camel Fokker D.VII (DES) Souchez-Pronville
11 05 Sep 1918 1715 148th Sopwith Camel (D8203) Fokker D.VII (DES) Canal du Nord
12 05 Sep 1918 1720 148th Sopwith Camel (D8203) Fokker D.VII (OOC) Canal du Nord
13 15 Sep 1918 1040 148th Sopwith Camel (D8250) Halberstadt C (OOC) 2 Epinoy
14 20 Sep 1918 1455 148th Sopwith Camel (D8250) Fokker D.VII (DES) Aubigny
15 24 Sep 1918 0740 148th Sopwith Camel (D8250) Fokker D.VII (DES) NE of Bourlon
16 27 Sep 1918 0955 148th Sopwith Camel (E1550) Halberstadt C (DES) 3 Fontaine-Notre Dame

1 Shared with Lt J McGrider, Lt J D Canning
2 Shared with Lt P E Cunnius, Lt Orville Ralston, Lt H C Starkey
3 Shared with Lt Henry Clay
 
Books
American Aces of World War 1
by Norman Franks, Harry Dempsey (Illustrator) / Paperback / Osprey Publishing (September 25, 2001)
Over the Front
by Norman L. R. Franks, Frank W. Bailey / Hardcover / Grub Street the Basement (May 1992)
Above the Bright Blue Sky
More About the Warbirds; Elliot White Springs / Hardcover / Doubleday 1928
Nocturne Militaire
WWI Aviation Novel; by Elliot White Springs / Hardcover / Grosset & Dunlap 1927
War Bird
The Life and Times of Elliott White Springs; Burke Davis / Hardcover / Univ N Carolina Pr 1987
War Birds
Diary of an Unknown Aviator (Texas A & M Univ Military History Series, No 6); John MacGavock Grider, Elliott White Springs / Hardcover / Texas A & M Univ Pr 1988
 
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