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Name: Jacques Michael Swaab
Distinguished Service Cross (DSC) with Oak Leaf Cluster Jacques Swaab
Country: United States
Rank: Lieutenant
Services: United States Air Service
Units: 22nd Aero
Victories: 10
Born: 21 April 1894
Place of Birth: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
Died: 07 July 1963
Place of Death: Los Angeles, California, USA
Cemetery: Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, Virginia, USA
Section 8 Site 263-B Image
On the afternoon of 8 September 1918, Jacques Michael Swaab bagged his first three victories and received three wounds to the head in a dogfight near Cirey-Saarburg that lasted 60 minutes. Having shot down a two-seater, he was about to land at a German aerodrome when he realized his mistake. Enemy fighters scrambled to intercept Swaab's SPAD XIII and he shot down two Fokker D.VIIs while making his escape. On 23 October Swaab shot down a Fokker D.VII that had just destroyed an American balloon. Evidence suggests his opponent was German ace Max Näther of Jasta 62. In 1938 Swaab served as technical advisor on the "Dawn Patrol," a Hollywood motion picture starring David Niven and Errol Flynn. He was also a member of the American Cross and Cockade Society. Swaab died in Los Angeles at the age of 69.
The Philadelphia Inquirer, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Tuesday, 5 November 1918, page 12
The Philadelphia Inquirer, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Wednesday, 9 July 1919, page 12
Distinguished Service Cross (DSC)
The Distinguished Service Cross is presented to Jacques M. Swaab, First Lieutenant (Air Service), U.S. Army, for extraordinary heroism in action near Montfaucon, France, September 28, 1918, and in the region of Champignuelle, October 27, 1918. On September 28 Lieutenant Swaab, although himself pursued by two enemy planes, perceiving one of his comrades in distress and in danger of being shot down, dived upon the enemy plane which was directly behind that of his comrade and shot the enemy plane out of control, forcing it to withdraw. His prompt act in going to the assistance of his comrade enabled the latter to escape. On October 27 Lieutenant Swaab and another member of his group engaged in combat with seven enemy planes. In this encounter, although outnumbered, Lieutenant Swaab continued in his attack and succeeded in shooting down an enemy D. F. W. observation plane.
General Orders No. 53, W.D., 1920
#5 Max NätherGermany
Date Time Unit Aircraft Opponent Location
1 08 Sep 1918 1235-1305 22nd SPAD XIII Two-seater Cirey-Saarburg
2 08 Sep 1918 1235-1305 22nd SPAD XIII Fokker D.VII Cirey-Saarburg
3 08 Sep 1918 1235-1305 22nd SPAD XIII Fokker D.VII Cirey-Saarburg
4 28 Sep 1918 0840 22nd SPAD XIII Fokker D.VII 1 Ivoiry
5 23 Oct 1918 1140 22nd SPAD XIII (S7640) Fokker D.VII Thernogues
6 23 Oct 1918 1210 22nd SPAD XIII (S7640) Rumpler C Thernogues
7 27 Oct 1918 1540 22nd SPAD XIII Fokker D.VII Sommerance
8 27 Oct 1918 1540 22nd SPAD XIII DFW C 2 Champiegneulle
9 29 Oct 1918 1620 22nd SPAD XIII Fokker D.VII 1 Aincreville
10 31 Oct 1918 1555 22nd SPAD XIII LVG C E of Verdun

1 Shared with Lt James Beane
2 Shared with Lt Clinton Jones
American Aces of World War 1
by Norman Franks, Harry Dempsey (Illustrator) / Paperback / Osprey Publishing (September 25, 2001)
Over the Front
by Norman L. R. Franks, Frank W. Bailey / Hardcover / Grub Street the Basement (May 1992)
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