On the afternoon of 8 September 1918, Jacques Michael Swaab bagged his first three victories and received three wounds to the head in a dogfight near Cirey-Saarburg that lasted 60 minutes. Having shot down a two-seater, he was about to land at a German aerodrome when he realized his mistake. Enemy fighters scrambled to intercept Swaab's SPAD XIII and he shot down two Fokker D.VIIs while making his escape. On 23 October Swaab shot down a Fokker D.VII that had just destroyed an American balloon. Evidence suggests his opponent was German ace Max Näther of Jasta 62. In 1938 Swaab served as technical advisor on the "Dawn Patrol," a Hollywood motion picture starring David Niven and Errol Flynn. He was also a member of the American Cross and Cockade Society. Swaab died in Los Angeles at the age of 69.
The Philadelphia Inquirer, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Tuesday, 5 November 1918, page 12
The Philadelphia Inquirer, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Wednesday, 9 July 1919, page 12
Distinguished Service Cross (DSC)
The Distinguished Service Cross is presented to Jacques M. Swaab, First Lieutenant (Air Service), U.S. Army, for extraordinary heroism in action near Montfaucon, France, September 28, 1918, and in the region of Champignuelle, October 27, 1918. On September 28 Lieutenant Swaab, although himself pursued by two enemy planes, perceiving one of his comrades in distress and in danger of being shot down, dived upon the enemy plane which was directly behind that of his comrade and shot the enemy plane out of control, forcing it to withdraw. His prompt act in going to the assistance of his comrade enabled the latter to escape. On October 27 Lieutenant Swaab and another member of his group engaged in combat with seven enemy planes. In this encounter, although outnumbered, Lieutenant Swaab continued in his attack and succeeded in shooting down an enemy D. F. W. observation plane.