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Today in History

Designed by Gustave Delage in 1914, the small Nieuport 11 biplane was affectionately known as the "Bébé" (Baby). Originally designed for racing, this light plane was fast and extremely maneuverable. Its only major problem was in the design of its wing struts. In a steep dive, the struts allowed the wings to twist, sometimes with disastrous results. Used by the British and French to counter the Fokker E.III, the Nieuport 11 was disadvantaged by its lack of a synchronized machine gun. It remained in service on the Western Front until 1916 and in Italy until the summer of 1917.
Nieuport 11 Specifications
Country: France
Manufacturer: Societe Anonyme des Etablissements Nieuport
Type: Fighter
First Introduced: July 1915
Number Built:
Engine: Le Rhône 9C, 9 cylinder, air cooled rotary, 80 hp
Wing Span: 24 ft 9 in (7.55 m)
Length: 19 ft 1/3 in (5.8 m)
Height: 8 ft 1/2 in (2.45 m)
Empty Weight:
Gross Weight: 1,060 lb (480 kg)
Max Speed: 97 mph (156 km/h) at sea level
Ceiling: 15,090 ft (4,600 m)
Endurance: 2 hrs 30 mins
Crew: 1
Armament: 1 Lewis machine gun, mounted on the upper wing
Nieuport 11 Units
Belgian Air Service: 5me
Imperial Russian Air Service:
Italian Air Service: 1a, 70a, 77a, 78a, 79a, 80a, 81a
Nieuport 11 Aces (4)
1 Russia Yanchenko, Vasili 11
2 Italy Stoppani, Mario 6
3 Australia Dallas, Roderic Stanley 5
4 Russia Kozakov (Kazakoff), Alexander Alexandrovich 5
Nieuport 11 Books
Nieuport Aircraft of World War One (Vintage Warbirds, No 10)
J.M. Bruce / Paperback / Arms & Armour 1989
Nieuports in Action
J.M. Bruce / Paperback / Arms & Armour 1989
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