Most similar to the Nieuport 11, the Nieuport 16 was built with the same airframe. To increase its speed, it was equipped with a larger engine but was nose heavy and difficult to fly. Originally armed with a Lewis gun over the top wing, a few later Nieuport 16s were equipped with a synchronized machine gun. For attacking German balloons along the Western Front, some Nieuport 16s were also armed with up to eight Le Prieur rockets. Withdrawn from combat in late 1916, the Nieuport 16 was replaced by the Nieuport 17 but remained in service as an advanced trainer.