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Today in History

Rejected by the French and British air services, the Nieuport 28 was the first biplane scout received in large numbers by squadrons of the United States Air Service.  The 94th and 95th Aero Squadrons at Villeneuve were the first squadrons to receive the Nieuport 28. The planes arrived without guns but in March 1918 both squadrons led unarmed patrols along the lines. A favorite with aces like Harold Hartney, it was fast and maneuverable but had a tendency to shed its upper wing fabric if its pilot pulled out of a steep dive too quickly. The Nieuport 28 was replaced by the SPAD XIII.
United States Air Service: 27th, 94th, 95th, 147th
Nieuport 28 Specifications
Country: France
Manufacturer: Societe Anonyme des Etablissements Nieuport
Type: Fighter
First Introduced: 1917
Number Built: About 297
Engine(s): Gnôme Monosoupape 9N, 9 cylinder, air cooled rotary, 160 hp
Wing Span: 26 ft 9 in (8.15 m)
Length: 21 ft (6.40 m)
Height: 8 ft 1¾ in (2.5 m)
Empty Weight: 1,172 lb
Gross Weight: 1,627 lb (737 kg)
Max Speed: 122 mph (196 km/h)
Ceiling: 16,995 ft (5,180 m)
Endurance: 1½ hours
Crew: 1
Armament: Two .303 fixed machine guns
Nieuport 28 Aces (3)
1 USA Campbell, Douglas 6
2 USA MacArthur, John Knox 6
3 USA Rickenbacker, Edward Vernon 6
Nieuport 28 Books
Nieuport Aircraft of World War One (Vintage Warbirds, No 10)
J.M. Bruce / Paperback / Arms & Armour 1989
Nieuports in Action
J.M. Bruce / Paperback / Arms & Armour 1989
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