Rejected by the French and British air services, the Nieuport 28 was the first biplane scout received in large numbers by squadrons of the United States Air Service. The 94th and 95th Aero Squadrons at Villeneuve were the first squadrons to receive the Nieuport 28. The planes arrived without guns but in March 1918 both squadrons led unarmed patrols along the lines. A favorite with aces like Harold Hartney, it was fast and maneuverable but had a tendency to shed its upper wing fabric if its pilot pulled out of a steep dive too quickly. The Nieuport 28 was replaced by the SPAD XIII.