The Aerodrome Home Page
Aces of WWI
Aircraft of WWI
Books and Film
The Aerodrome Forum
Sign the Guestbook
Help
Links to Other Sites
Medals and Decorations
The Aerodrome News
Search The Aerodrome
Today in History


Learn how to remove ads

The Aerodrome Forum


Go Back   The Aerodrome Forum > Reading Room > Aircraft Articles


Aircraft Articles Articles related to WWI aircraft, aircraft engines and armament

Like Tree7Likes
  • 7 Post By EricGoedkoop

Closed Article
 
Article Tools Display Modes
<!-- google_ad_section_start -->National Markings<!-- google_ad_section_end -->
National Markings
Eric Goedkoop
Published by EricGoedkoop
15 June 2005
Introduction

Aircraft of World War I
National Markings
1912 - 1918
 
  Argentina
Early Argentinian military aircraft carried a 1:2:3 cockades and horizontal rudder stripes in the national colors of light blue and white. Placement and size varied; examples range from a Bleriot XI marked with small cockades on the wings only to AVRO 504s (supplied post-war) marked in all the usual British locations.
 
  Austria-Hungary
1913-1914

On 1 October 1913, red-white-red chordwise stripes on the wingtips, horizontal stripes on the rudder and bands around the fuselage were ordered as national markings for all Austro-Hungarian aircraft. This striping was extended to include the tailplane on 28 August 1914.
1914-1916

Aircraft supplied to Austria-Hungary from Germany came marked with the German Eisernes Kreuz, which was also a symbol of national significance for the Austrians. Red and white identification stripes were added to the German markings. On 5 May 1915 it was decreed that the Eisernes Kreuz on a white field were to be carried on wings and rudders of all Austro-Hungarian aircraft and by 1916 the red and white stripes disappear from army air service machines.
1916-1918

Austrian markings loosely followed the German pattern for the remainder of the war. Fuselage crosses were ordered in 1916, but they were removed shortly thereafter due to pilot complaints that the marking provided too good an aiming point for the enemy. In November 1916, a month after Germany eliminated the white cross field in favor of the 50mm white border, Austria-Hungary followed suit. On 7 July 1918, the Balkenkreuz was introduced, and it appeared in various forms until the end of the war.
It was very common for Austro-Hungarian aircraft to carry unbordered black crosses on the wings and rudder, even over top of darker-colored camouflage patterns. Wing crosses often appeared inboard of the ailerons at approximately mid-panel, in contrast to the German practice of located them nearer the tips. Serial numbers followed a distinctive two-part, decimal-separated format and were prominently marked on the sides of the fuselage.
Aircraft of the naval air service were identifiable by their rudder markings, the Austrian coat-of-arms over red-white-red horizontal stripes. Naval aircraft carried this device for the duration of the war, and continued to use the red-white-red wingtip and tailplane stripes long after they had been abandoned by the army air service. Flying boats were often marked with Eisernes Kreuz on white fields against their dark wooden hulls, even when they carried plain black crosses on their wings.
Romani, SteveS, YavorD and 4 others like this.



Contents
<< <    Next Page (Page 1 of 10)    >  >>
Closed Article

Bookmarks

Tags
national markings, aircraft markings


Article Tools
Display Modes

Posting Rules
You may not post new threads
You may not post replies
You may not post attachments
You may not edit your posts

BB code is On
Smilies are On
[IMG] code is On
HTML code is On
Trackbacks are On
Pingbacks are On
Refbacks are Off


Similar Threads
Article Article Starter Category Comments Last Post
National Markings Questions EricGoedkoop Camouflage and Markings 17 23 May 2005 04:46 PM
Flip-Flopping National Markings EricGoedkoop Aircraft 3 27 October 2004 01:49 PM
RFC National Markings wmburns Aircraft 6 13 February 2004 08:47 PM
Changing US national markings Volker_Nemsch 2001 16 29 December 2001 08:51 AM
National Geographic Tim A. King 2001 7 5 June 2001 05:29 AM


All times are GMT -8. The time now is 05:52 AM.


Powered by vBulletin® Version 3.8.7
Copyright ©2000 - 2014, vBulletin Solutions, Inc.
SEO by vBSEO 3.6.0 PL2
Copyright 1997 - 2013 The Aerodrome
Article powered by GARS 2.1.9 ©2005-2006