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National Markings
National Markings
Eric Goedkoop
Published by EricGoedkoop
15 June 2005
Page 7

Aircraft of World War I
National Markings
1912 - 1918
Early Mexican aircraft are seen with a shield of green and red fields separated by a diagonal white stripe on the wings. The entire rudder was painted in this same design. Photos show that this scheme was far from universally employed.
Norwegian aircraft carried chordwise wing stripes and vertical rudder stripes in red-white-blue-white-red. Proportions of the stripe widths were 3:1:1:1:3.
Beginning in 1916, the wings of Portuguese aircraft carried a roundel based on the Order of Christ cross. Rudders were painted to mimic the national flag. According to some sources, a red and green cockade and green-red-green rudder stripes were used from 1915-1916, but this is not verified.
  Ottoman Empire
1912 – 1915

When the Ottoman Empire entered the war in October of 1914, it had less than a dozen military aircraft. These were identified by red rudders marked with a white crescent and five-point star, in the design of the Ottoman flag. The crescent was open to the rudder’s trailing edge on both sides. No fuselage markings were carried. One of these aircraft, a Deperdussin, is known to have carried the crescent-and-star marking on the underside of the wing.
Some of the early Ottoman aircraft, including L.V.G. B.Is and Bleriots, carried a red-white-red roundel on the underside of the starboard wing and the crescent-and-star on their rudders. This is most likely a pre-war marking scheme and was abandoned by mid-1915, the potential for confusion being obvious.
1915 – 1918

As Germany began to supply aircraft in substantial numbers, the Ottoman markings were changed to a black square surrounded by a thin white border. This was painted over the German crosses on wings, fuselages and rudders and matched the various cross styles in size and position.
Gotha seaplanes, some two dozen of which were supplied to the Ottoman Empire, retained the crescent-and-star markings throughout the war. These were carried at the wingtips on the upper and lower surfaces of both wings, and on the rudder. The design was mirrored from port to starboard wing, so that the crescent was always open to the wingtip and the star outboard.

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