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Country: Germany
Kingdom: Prussia (Preußen)
Established: The Iron Cross was originally established on 10 March 1813 by King Friedrich Wilhelm III. It was reestablished in 1870 during the Franco-Prussian war and again on 5 August 1914 by Wilhelm II, Emperor of Germany and King of Prussia.
Classes: Three
Criteria:
Iron Cross, Second Class [Thanks to Carsten Kopke at Arrowsoft Verlag]
The 1914 Iron Cross was awarded without regard for nationality or social class to combatants and non-combatants for acts of heroism, bravery or leadership skills. Although the medals of each class were identical, the manner in which each was worn differed. Employing a pin or screw posts on the back of the medal, the Iron Cross First Class was worn on the left side of the recipient's uniform. The Grand Cross and the Iron Cross Second Class were suspended from different ribbons.
WWI Awards: 5 Grand Cross
218,000 First Class
5,200,000 Second Class
 
Recipients - World War I Aces
161 Raesch, Josef
1st Class - 02 Nov 1918
162 Rahn, Arthur
163 Reimann, Leopold
1st Class - 10 Sep 1916
2nd Class - 30 Aug 1914
164 Richthofen, Lothar Ritter von
165 Richthofen, Manfred Albrecht Ritter von
166 Richthofen, Wolfram Freiherr von
167 Ritscherle, Karl
1st Class - 15 Nov 1917
2nd Class - 06 Sep 1916
168 Roeth (Röth), Friedrich Ritter von
169 Rolfes, Hans Joachim
170 Rosencrantz, Hans
 
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