The Aerodrome Home Page
Aces of WWI
Aircraft of WWI
Books and Videos
The Aerodrome Forum
Sign the Guestbook
Help
WWI Web Sites
Medals & Decorations
The Aerodrome News
Search The Aerodrome
Today in History




Country: Germany
Kingdom: Prussia (Preußen)
Established:
Orden Pour le Mérite (Blue Max)
Established in 1667 by Margrave Frederick (later to become King Frederick I), the Orden Pour le Mérite was originally known as the Brandenburg Ordre de la Génerosité (Order of Generosity). Reorganized by Frederick II in 1740, it became the Orden Pour le Mérite (Order of Merit) and was awarded to military personnel and civilians. The Order was again reorganized in 1810 by Frederick William III who reserved it solely for individual military achievement on the battlefield against the enemy. After the Prussian army occupied Paris in 1814, a total of 1,662 Pour le Mérites were awarded. Of those, 1,470 Pour le Mérites were awarded to Russians. In 1842, Frederick William IV added a civil class for scholars, painters, sculptors, and musicians. Following the armistice of 1918, the Orden Pour le Mérite was never again awarded for military service.
Criteria: During World War I, Prussia's highest military award, the Orden Pour le Mérite, was awarded to officers for repeated and continual gallantry in action. It was never awarded posthumously and recipients were required to wear the medal whenever they were in uniform.
WWI Awards: Of all officers in the German army and navy, the most frequent recipients of the Orden Pour le Mérite were junior officers in the German Air Force. During World War I, it was awarded to 81 German military aviators: 76 army aviators and  5 naval aviators. Of that total, 78 of the recipients were officers who held the rank of Captain or below.
 
Recipients - World War I Aces
21 Dostler, Eduard Ritter von
06 Aug 1917
22 Frankl, Wilhelm
12 Aug 1916
23 Friedrichs, Friedrich
20 Jul 1916
24 Goering (Göring), Hermann
02 Jun 1918
25 Gontermann, Heinrich
14 May 1917
26 Greim, Robert Ritter von
08 Oct 1918
27 Hoehndorf (Höhndorf), Walter
20 Jul 1916
28 Immelmann, Max
12 Jan 1916
29 Jacobs, Josef Carl Peter
18 Jul 1918
30 Kirschstein, Hans
24 Jun 1918
 
1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7
First Previous Next Last
 
Aces · Aircraft · Books · Forum · Guests · Help · Links · Medals · News · Search · Today