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Today in History

Country: Germany
Kingdom: Prussia (Preußen)
Orden Pour le Mérite (Blue Max)
Established in 1667 by Margrave Frederick (later to become King Frederick I), the Orden Pour le Mérite was originally known as the Brandenburg Ordre de la Génerosité (Order of Generosity). Reorganized by Frederick II in 1740, it became the Orden Pour le Mérite (Order of Merit) and was awarded to military personnel and civilians. The Order was again reorganized in 1810 by Frederick William III who reserved it solely for individual military achievement on the battlefield against the enemy. After the Prussian army occupied Paris in 1814, a total of 1,662 Pour le Mérites were awarded. Of those, 1,470 Pour le Mérites were awarded to Russians. In 1842, Frederick William IV added a civil class for scholars, painters, sculptors, and musicians. Following the armistice of 1918, the Orden Pour le Mérite was never again awarded for military service.
Criteria: During World War I, Prussia's highest military award, the Orden Pour le Mérite, was awarded to officers for repeated and continual gallantry in action. It was never awarded posthumously and recipients were required to wear the medal whenever they were in uniform.
WWI Awards: Of all officers in the German army and navy, the most frequent recipients of the Orden Pour le Mérite were junior officers in the German Air Force. During World War I, it was awarded to 81 German military aviators: 76 army aviators and  5 naval aviators. Of that total, 78 of the recipients were officers who held the rank of Captain or below.
Recipients - World War I Aces
41 Mulzer, Max Ritter von
08 Jul 1916
42 Neckel, Ulrich
08 Nov 1918
43 Osterkamp, Theodor
02 Sep 1918
44 Parschau, Otto
10 Jul 1916
45 Puetter (Pütter), Fritz
31 May 1918
46 Richthofen, Lothar Ritter von
14 May 1917
47 Richthofen, Manfred Albrecht Ritter von
12 Jan 1917
48 Roeth (Röth), Friedrich Ritter von
08 Sep 1918
49 Rumey, Fritz
10 Jul 1918
50 Sachsenberg, Gotthard
05 Aug 1918
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