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Today in History




Considered by many to be world's first air force, the French Air Service (Aéronautique Militaire) was established on 22 October 1910 under the command of General Roques.

France led the world in the design of early aircraft and by 1914 the French Air Service fielded 132 machines divided amongst 21 units (escadrilles). Primarily used for reconnaissance duties along the front, the Aéronautique Militaire rapidly increased in size and strength and by 1916 French aircraft manufacturers were supplying it with nearly 500 machines a month. By November 1918, the French Air Service consisted of 127,630 men and 3,222 aircraft.

During the Great War, the airmen of the French Air Service claimed 2,049 enemy aircraft in air combat and destroyed 357 kite balloons for some 3,500 killed in action, 3,000 wounded/missing and 2,000 killed in accidents.

1 Escadrille 3 21 Escadrille 77 41 Escadrille 97
2 Escadrille 12 22 Escadrille 78 42 Escadrille 98
3 Escadrille 15 23 Escadrille 79 43 Escadrille 99
4 Escadrille 23 24 Escadrille 80 44 Escadrille 100
5 Escadrille 26 25 Escadrille 81 45 Escadrille 102
6 Escadrille 31 26 Escadrille 82 46 Escadrille 103
7 Escadrille 37 27 Escadrille 83 47 Escadrille 124
8 Escadrille 38 28 Escadrille 84    
9 Escadrille 46 29 Escadrille 85    
10 Escadrille 48 30 Escadrille 86    
11 Escadrille 49 31 Escadrille 87    
12 Escadrille 57 32 Escadrille 88    
13 Escadrille 62 33 Escadrille 89    
14 Escadrille 65 34 Escadrille 90    
15 Escadrille 67 35 Escadrille 91    
16 Escadrille 68 36 Escadrille 92    
17 Escadrille 69 37 Escadrille 93    
18 Escadrille 73 38 Escadrille 94    
19 Escadrille 75 39 Escadrille 95    
20 Escadrille 76 40 Escadrille 96    
 
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