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Today in History

Name: Maurice Arnoux
Légion d'Honneur
Médaille Militaire
Croix de Guerre with 6 palms and 2 stars
Maurice Arnoux
Country: France
Rank: Sous Lieutenant
Service: French Air Service
Units: MF55, MF99; N49, Spa49
Victories: 5
Born: 07 September 1895
Place of Birth: Montrouge (Seine)
Died: 06 June 1940 Killed In Action
Place of Death:  
Maurice Arnoux entered the military in December 1914. Serving first as a driver with MF99 in Serbia, he began pilot training at Dijon in February 1916. Receiving a Pilot's Brevet three months later, he served with the GDE and MF55 before joining N49 as a pursuit pilot in April 1917. He remained with this Escadrille (later Spa49) flying Nieuports and SPADs until the end of the war. A Commandant during World War II, Arnoux was killed in action after resuming his career as a fighting pilot.
Médaille Militaire
Elite pilot who distinguishes himself each day by new exploits. Always prepared to accomplish all his missions with the same zeal and courage; pursuit, reconnaissance or strafing trenches. He has already downed two balloons and one aircraft and has executed missions successfully both in day and night reconnaissances of long distances without allowing himself to be impeded by enemy attacks. During the night of 17 September 1918, while on reconnaissance behind enemy lines to strafe a train station a low altitudes, he returned with his plane damaged by enemy fire. Five citations.
Médaille Militaire citation, 4 October 1918
Chevalier de la Légion d'Honneur
Remarkable officer pilot as shown by his brilliant professional qualities and by his spirit, courage and ardor beyond praise. Always volunteers for the most painful and perilous missions. After having brilliantly served in an Escadrille of reconnaissance, he transferred to pursuit aviation where he was classed among the best. Has downed five enemy planes. Cited in orders eight times.
Chevalier de la Légion d'Honneur citation, 13 July 1919
Date Time Unit Aircraft Opponent Location
1 28 Jun 1917 N49   EA 1 Hirsingen
2 08 Jun 1918 0946 Spa49   Balloon Ferrette
3 26 Jun 1918 0910 Spa49   Balloon Tagsdorf
4 07 Oct 1918 Spa49   Rumpler C 2 Burnhaupt
5 21 Oct 1918 Spa49   C 3 Mulhausen

1 Shared with MdL de Belleville
2 Shared with MdL Jacques Gerard, MdL Simmonin
3 Shared with S/Lt Alexandre Bretillon, S/Lt Jean Bouyer, Adj Paul Hamot
Over the Front
by Norman L. R. Franks, Frank W. Bailey / Hardcover / Grub Street the Basement (May 1992)
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