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Name: Arthur Raymond "Ray" Brooks
Distinguished Service Cross (DSC) Arthur Brooks
Country: United States
Rank: Captain
Service: United States Air Service
Units: 22nd Aero, 139th Aero
Victories: 6
Born: 01 November 1895
Place of Birth: Framingham, Massachusetts, USA
Died: 17 July 1991
Place of Death: Summit, New Jersey, USA
Cemetery: Saint Stephens Cemetery, Framingham, Massachusetts, USA Image
A graduate of the Massachussetts Institute of Technology, Arthur Raymond Brooks joined the United States Air Service in September 1917. A year later, his actions in combat earned him a recommendation for the Medal of Honor. Instead, he was awarded a Distinguished Service Cross. Brooks' SPAD XIII was restored and is on display at the National Air and Space Museum in Washington, D.C.
Distinguished Service Cross (DSC)
The Distinguished Service Cross is presented to Arthur Raymond Brooks, Second Lieutenant (Air Service), U.S. Army, for extraordinary heroism in action over Mars-la-Tour, France, September 14, 1918. When his patrol was attacked by 12 enemy Fokkers over Mars-la-Tour, 8 miles within the enemy lines, Second Lieutenant Brooks alone fought bravely and relentlessly with eight of them, pursuing the fight from 5, 000 meters to within a few meters of the ground, and though his right rudder control was out and his plane riddled with bullets, he destroyed two Fokkers, one falling out of control and the other bursting into flames.
General Orders No. 123, W.D., 1918
Date Time Unit Aircraft Opponent Location
1 29 Jul 1918 139th   Pfalz D.III Heudicourt
2 02 Sep 1918 0930 22nd SPAD XIII Rumpler C Armaucourt
3 04 Sep 1918 1330 22nd SPAD XIII Fokker D.VII 1 Barnecourt
4 14 Sep 1918 1520 22nd SPAD XIII Fokker D.VII 2 Mars-la-Tour
5 14 Sep 1918 1525 22nd SPAD XIII Fokker D.VII 2 Mars-la-Tour
6 09 Oct 1918 1435 22nd SPAD XIII DFW C 3 Aincreville

1 Shared with Lt Clinton Jones, Lt F B Tyndall
2 Shared with Lt P E Hassinger
3 Shared with Lt James Beane, Lt Clinton Jones
Franks, Norman. American Aces of World War 1. Oxford: Osprey Publishing Ltd., 2001
Franks, Norman and Frank Bailey. Over the Front: A Complete Record of the Fighter Aces and Units of the United States and French Air Services, 1914-1918. London: Grub Street, 1992
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